Common name: garlic Botanical name: Allium sativum Origin: South Europe
Few varieties are available; grow the variety available in your area.
Garlic is a hardy perennial plant that looks a lot like an onion, except that the bulb is segmented into cloves. The flower head looks like a tissue paper dunce cap and is filled with small flowers and bulblets. There is an old story that when the Devil walked out of the Garden of Eden after the fall of Adam and Eve, onions sprang up from his right hoof-print and garlic from his left.
Where and when to grow
Garlic must have cool temperatures during its early
growth period, but it's not affected by heat in the later stages. Plant garlic in spring in the North; in the South you can get good results with fall plantings.
You grow garlic from cloves or bulblets, which are planted with the plump side down. Use the plumpest cloves for cooking and plant the others. They need full sun and well-worked soil that drains well and is high in organic matter. Do not fertilize the soil. Plant the cloves four to six weeks before the average date of last frost. Plant them an inch or two deep, four to six inches apart, in rows about a foot apart.
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