Watermelon

Wash thoroughly in cold water pat dry. Store uncovered up to 1 week cover cut surfaces with plastic wrap. COLD STORAGE KEEPING VEGETABLES FRESH ALL WINTER Cold storage is an old-fashioned but time-tested method for keeping raw, whole vegetables through the winter. If you've planted a big vegetable garden and if you've got (or can construct) the storage space, storing can be the most practical way to go. You'll find many vegetables from your garden well-suited to cold storage, including beets,...

When and how to harvest

Mint Leaves

The more mint you pick, the better the plants will grow, and you can pick sprigs throughout the growing season. Harvest more fully as the plants begin to bloom, just as the lower leaves start to yellow. Cut the entire plant down two or three inches above the soil. You'll get a second smaller harvest the same season. Strip the mint leaves from the stem and let them dry in a warm shady area. The dried leaves can be stored in a sealed jar. Detailed information on storing and preserving is given in...

Candoon

Lemon Seed Germination Process

Common name cardoon Botanical name Cynara Large Smooth Large Smooth Spanish Ivory White Smooth. Grow any variety available in your area. Cardoon is a tender perennial grown as an annual for its young leaf-stalks, which are blanched and eaten like celery. It looks like a cross between burdock and celery but is actually a member of the artichoke family and has the same deeply cut leaves and heavy, bristled flower head. Cardoon can grow to four feet tall and two feet wide, so it will need plenty...

Chilling

Chia Seed Hull

You must always chill blanched vegetables before drying them, to be certain the cooking process has stopped. After removing the vegetables from the blancher, immerse the colander or steamer rack full of vegetables in a sink full of ice water or a dishpan full of ice water. The vegetables should be chilled for the same amount of time the recipe gives for blanching in boiling water. Drain well, then blot with paper towels. Spread the blanched and drained vegetable pieces in a single, even layer...

Recording the growth of your garden

Grow Cucumbers Hanging Basket

If you're serious about gardening, you should keep records. Planning your records should be part of planning your garden. The better the planning, the more efficient use you'll be able to make of your time and the more time you will have for enjoying the pleasures of your garden not just keeping up with the chores. Build your records the same way you build your garden profit from past mistakes, and Incorporate new ideas. Start out with a ledger that has sewn-in pages. Don't write notes on slips...

Description

Plan Roman Florence

Thyme is a fragrant, small, perennial evergreen shrub with six- to eight-inch stems that often spread out over the ground. It's a member of the mint family and has square stems with small opposite leaves and pale lavender mintlike flowers. Thyme is a charming, cheerful little plant and will last for years once it's established. It's a good plant for a border or rock garden. There a more than 200 species and manA hybrids, but the common form i the one grown for flavoring. The Greeks and Romans...

Theres a right and a wrong way to water

Watering Vegetable Garden

So much depends on climate and the ability of different types of soil to hold moisture that it's difficult to lay down specific directions for watering your garden. Generally, however, vegetable plants need about an inch of water a week. The best time to water your garden is in the morning. If you water at night when the day is cooling off, the water is likely to stay on the foliage, increasing the danger of disease. Some people believe that you can't water in the morning because water spots on...

Improving nutrient content

Garbage Bag

The next step in your soil-improvement program is to have the soil tested to identify deficiencies unless you correct those deficiencies, they can cause poor plant growth. In some states the Cooperative Extension Service will act as middleman and send your soil sample to the laboratory for you in all states the extension service can give you information on firms in your area Use a trowel to take a soil sample half an inch thick and eight inches down. Use a trowel to take a soil sample half an...

Pea

Common names pea, sweet pea, garden pea, sugar pea, English pea Botanical name Pisum sativum Origin Europe, Near East Shelling types Little Marvel 62 days Frosty 64 days Wando 75 days Dwarf Grey Sugar 65 days . Edible-pod types Giant Melting 65 days Melting Sugar 69 days Oregon Sugar Pod 75 days Sugar Snap 65 days . Peas are hardy, weak-stemmed, climbing annuals that have leaflike stipules, leaves with one to three pairs of leaflets, and tendrils that they use for climbing. The flowers are...

Serving suggestions

Sesame Seeds

Savory has a peppery flavor that is good with fish, poultry, and in egg dishes. Try it in vinegars, or add a little to a cheese souffle. seeds is used for cooking and in salad dressings. Sesame is easy to grow if you can give it a growing season of about 120 days it grows well in the warm, dry areas of the South and Southwest. Plant it when danger of frost is over. Give sesame a place in the sun in well-drained, fertile soil. When you're preparing the soil, dig in a complete, well-balanced...

Basic Ingredients

Heat And Enzyme Action

Choose vegetables that are tender, ripe but just barely ready to eat, and just as fresh as possible. Slightly under-mature vegetables are better for freezing than those that are past their prime. For peak flavor, rush vegetables from the garden to the freezer within two hours. If you can't freeze vegetables within that time limit, cool the vegetables quickly in ice water, drain well, and keep refrigerated until ready to prepare for freezing. Ice. Since cooling is an important part of preparing...

Growing Spring Onions

Spring Onion

Common name onion Botanical name Allium cepa Origin Southwest Asia Soil and growing conditions affect the flavor of an onion as much as the variety, so check with a garden center or with your Cooperative Extension Service for specific varieties that will do well in your area. Onions are hardy biennial vegetables usually grown as annuals. They have hollow leaves, the bases of which enlarge to form a bulb. The flower stalk is also hollow, taller than the leaves, and topped with a cluster of white...

Basic Coldstoring Techniques

Your vegetables must be harvested at just the right moment so they'll take well to storing and won't decay before you're ready to use them. Damaged or imperfect vegetables will spoil quickly, so you must be very careful when handling them prior to storing. Never store bruised or damaged vegetables they can cause spoilage of your whole crop. It's usually better to clean off but not wash vegetables before storing, because washing can lead to the development of soft rot. With methods of food...

Shallot

Shallot Vegetable

Common name shallot Botanical name Allium cepa Origin Asia Few varieties are available grow the variety available in your area. The shallot is a very hardy biennial grown as an annual, and it's a member of the onion family. It's believed that French knights returning from the Crusades introduced them to Europe, and that De Soto brought them to America in 1532. Shallot plants grow about eight inches tall in a clump, with narrow green leaves, and look very much like small onions they're favorites...

Celeniac

Common names celeriac, turnip-rooted celery, celery root, knob celery Botanical name Apium graveolens rapaceum Origin Europe and Africa Alabaster 120 days Giant Prague 120 days . Celeriac is a form of celery, a member of the same family, and similar in growing habits and requirements. Its physical characteristics and culinary uses, however, are quite different. The edible root of celeriac is large and swollen, like a turnip, and develops at soil-level a rosette of dark green leaves sprouts from...

Seeds Or Transplants How To Decide

How Grow Seeds

The answers to the questions of what and where to plant depend on several factors where you live, the kind of vegetables you decide to grow, and the amount of work you can reasonably handle. It's important to recognize your own limitations in terms of time, energy, and space. If you spend plenty of time at home, you may thoroughly enjoy nurturing your own transplants from seed. On the other hand, your home may not easily accommodate trays of young seedlings that need to be protected from cats,...

Stopping The Spoilers

Extreme cold and that means temperatures of 0 F or lower is what stops the growth of the microorganisms In or around food that can cause spoilage. Zero temperatures also slow down enzyme activity and oxidation, which are chemical changes affecting the color, flavor, and texture of food. Although cold doesn't kill off these spoilers the way heating at high temperatures for canning does, freezing halts their activity during the time the food Is stored. There are five major spoilers that can...

Chinese

Common names Chinese cabbage, white cabbage, flowering cabbage, celery cabbage, pakchoy, Michihii, Napa cabbage Botanical name Brassica Burpee Hybrid 75 days Crispy Choy pakchoy type, 53 days Michihii heading type, 72 days . Chinese cabbage is a hardy biennial grown as an annual, and it's not a member of the cabbage family. It has broad, thick, tender leaves heavy midribs and can be either loosely or tightly headed and grow 15 to 18 inches tall. The variety with a large compact heart is called...

Junnifi

Common name turnip Botanical name Brassica rapa Origin northeastern Europe, Siberia Shogin 30 days Foliage Turnip 30 days Tokyo Cross 35 days Tokyo Market 35 days Just Right 40 days Purple Top White Globe 57 days . The turnip, a hardy biennial grown as an annual, sports a rosette of hairy, bright green leaves growing from a root Awhich is not really a root, but a swelling at the base of the stem. The turnip is more commonly grown for use as a root vegetable, but can also be grown for the...

Commonly used insecticides

The insecticides listed below for use in your home vegetable garden will provide effective control of garden insects with minimum hazard. Remember, though, that most insecticides are poisons and must be handled as such. Diazinon. This is an organic phosphate, and it's an effective insecticide for general use. Diazinon is a contact poison. Its toxicity is low, and it's a good control for underground insects that attack the roots of cabbage family plants, onions, and radishes. You can get it as a...

How temperature affects plant growth

Scientific Walnut Growing

Average day-to-day temperatures play an important part in how your vegetables grow. Temperatures, both high and low, affect growth, flowering, pollination, and the development of fruits. If the temperature is too high or too low, leafy crops may be forced to flower prematurely without producing the desired edible foliage. This early flowering is called going to seed, and affects crops like cabbages and lettuce. If the night temperatures get too cool it may cause fruiting crops to drop their...

Leek

Vegetable Leek America Flag

Common name leek Botanical name Allium porrum Origin Mediterranean, Egypt Titan 120 days American Flag 120 days Broad London 130 days Tivi 115 days . The leek is a hardy biennial grown as an annual. It's a member of the onion family, but has a stalk rather than a bulb and leaves that are flat and straplike instead of hollow. The Welsh traditionally wear a leek on St. David's day March 1 to commemorate King Cadwallader's victory over the Saxons in A.D. 640, when the Welsh pulled up leeks and...

Blackeyed

Planting Peanuts

Common names pea, black-eyed pea, cowpea, chowder pea, southern pea, black-eyed bean, China bean Botanical name Gigna sinensis Origin Asia California Black Eye 75 days Pink Eye Purple Hull 78 days Mississippi Silver 80 days . Black-eyed peas are tender annuals that can be either bushy or climbing plants, depending on the variety. The seeds of the dwarf varieties are usually white with a dark spot black eye where they're attached to the pod sometimes the spots are brown or purple. Black-eyed...

Cqqplant

How Cook Fennel Vegetables

Aubergine, guinea squash Botanical name Solanum melongena Origin East Indies, India Black Magic Hybrid 73 days Jersey King Hybrid 75 days Black Beauty 80 days . Long slender fruits Ichlban 70 days Slim Jim 75 days . Eggplant is a very tender perennial plant with large grayish-green hairy leaves. The star-shaped flowers are lavender with yellow centers, and the long, slender or round, egg-shaped fruit is creamy-white, yellow, brown, purple, or sometimes almost black. Eggplants will grow two to...

Image Of Soyabean Plant

Soybean Plant Image

Common names bean, green bean, snap bean, string bean, French bean, wax bean, pole bean, bush bean, stringless bean vulgaris Origin South Mexico, Central America The most commonly grown beans are the green or snap bean and the yellow or wax variety. Since 1894, when Burpee introduced the Stringless Green Pod, most of these beans have been stringless. The following are only a few of the varieties available. Ask your Cooperative Extension Service for specific recommendations for your area. Green...

Fertilizing and watering

The organic content of the soil is important, but fertilizing isn't don't fertilize because it will decrease the flavor of the garlic bulbs. Detailed information on fertilizing is given in Spadework The Essential Soil in Part 1. Keep the garlic slightly dry, especially when the bulbs are near maturity this also improves the flavor. Keep the area cultivated. Occasionally onion thrips may attack garlic, but they don't constitute a real problem hose them off the plants if they do appear. Garlic is...

Improving soil texture

Soil Ribbon Test

The physical texture of any soil can be improved by the addition of large amounts of organic matter. You can use materials like ground corncobs, sawdust, bark chips, straw, hay, peat moss, and cover crops it's a great way to recycle a lot of garden wastes. You A do-it-yourself test of soil texture the longer the ribbon that forms when you squeeze the soil between your thumb and the knuckle of your forefinger, the more clay the soil contains. A do-it-yourself test of soil texture the longer the...

Botanical Name Kale

Coloring Kale Vegetable

Common names kale, borecole, collards, green cabbage, German greens Botanical name Brassica oleracea acephala Origin horticultural hybrid Dwarf Blue Curled 55 days Dwarf Blue Scotch 55 days Vate 55 days Dwarf Green Curled 60 days . Kale is a hardy biennial plant grown as an annual. It's a member of the cabbage family and looks like cabbage with a permanent wave. Scotch kale has gray-green leaves that are extremely crumpled and curly Siberian or blue kale usually is less curly and is a bluer...

Sonnet

Yellow Crookneck Squash Drawing

Common names garden sorrel, herb patience or spinach dock, French sorrel, spinach rhubarb. Botanical name Rumex acetosa, Rumex patientia, Rumex scutatus, Rumex abyssinicus. Few varieties are available commercially grow the variety available in your area. Garden sorrel, French sorrel, and herb patience or spinach dock are all good for eating. Several varieties of sorrel will do well in your garden. Garden sorrel R. acetosa grows about three feet tall and produces leaves that are good used fresh...

How to plant

Vegetable Plants

Sage can be reproduced by layering, by division, or by using stem cuttings. You can also start it from seed. Sage thrives in poor soil as long as the drainage Is good, and it's not normally necessary to fertilize if the soil is too rich the flavo rwill be poorer. If you're planting sage as a perennial, fertilize the first year only with a low-nitrogen fertilizer. When you're preparing the soil for planting, work a 5-10-10 fertilizer into the soil at the rate of half a pound per 100 square feet....

Personal Gardening Calendar

Equipments Used Digging The Soil

Use this calendar to plan your gardening activities Start of growing season average date of last spring frost End of growing season average date of first fall frost Start hardy plants indoors 6-8 weeks before date to set out Start tender plants indoors 6-8 weeks before date to set out Plant very hardy plants and seeds outdoors 4-6 weeks before average date of last frost Plant hardy plants and seeds outdoors 2-3 weeks before average date of last spring frost Plant tender plants and seeds...

Common name chives Botanical name Allium

Chives Botanical

Few varieties are available grow the variety available in your area. This hardy perennial relative of the onion has tufts of thin hollow leaves six to 10 inches long. In the late spring, it produces striking flowers rounded soft purple globes. The chive blossom appears, dried or fresh, in many Japanese dishes. Chives are perennials that will remain in your garden for years once they're established. Chives are hardy and will grow anywhere in the United States. They do well in coof weather but...

Ornate

Tomato Plant

The varieties of tomatoes available would fill a book. Choose them according to your growing season, whether you plan to stake or cage them or let them sprawl, and what you want to do with the fruit. Some varieties are specially suited to canning and preserving, others are better for salads. Beefsteak varieties are the large kind with rather irregularly shaped fruits. Patio varieties are suited to growing in containers or small spaces, and cherry tomatoes are the very small, round ones. Ask...

Oneqano

Wild Marjoram

Marjoram Botanical names Origanum vulgare. Origanum heracleoticum Origin Mediterranean O. vulgare , Cyprus O. heracleoticum In cold northern areas grow any variety of O. vulgare. In warmer areas grow any variety of either O. vulgare or O. heracleoticum. The name oregano is more accurately applied to a flavor than to a plant, and there are two varieties that you can grow for seasoning called oregano. O. vulgare is usually grown it's hardier and easier to propagate than the alternative, O....

How to make the most of your climate

Vegetable Gardening

Whatever the climate is like where you live, you are not entirely at the mercy of the elements. There are certain improvements you can make to enable you to grow some vegetables that would not normally do well in your area. Don't expect miracles you can improve conditions, but you can't change the climate. No amount of watering can change a desert into a vegetable garden however, if the average rainfall in your area is reasonable, a few hours of watering can improve it more than you'd think...

FMelcm

Watermelon Leaves Plants Hill

Don't harvest lettuce until you're ready to use it. It can be stored for up to two weeks in the refrigerator, and everyone has a favorite way of keeping it crisp. Some suggest washing the lettuce first, then wrapping it in a cotton or linen towel and keeping it in the refrigerator. Others suggest storing the whole lettuce in a plastic bag. You can't freeze, dry, or can lettuce, but you can sprout lettuce seeds. If you've got lots, share your bounty with friends. Detailed information on...

Container Gardening

In areas where there is little or no space, a well-organized container garden can produce substantial vegetables. A point to remember about container gardening The small volume of soil in a raised bed will warm up faster in spring than the soil in your open garden. This gives you a longer growing season, because you can start your cool-season crops earlier. You can also bring plants inside if the temperature takes an unexpected plunge this mobility is an advantage you obviously lack in an open...

Vegetable Gardening

Vine Plants Chayote

Common names chard, Swiss chard, sea kale, Swiss beet, sea kale beet Botanical name Beta vulgaris cicia Lucullus 50 days Fordhook Giant 60 days Rhubarb 60 days . Chard is basically a beet without the bottom. It's a biennial that's grown as an annual for its big crinkly leaves. Chard is a decorative plant with its juicy red or white leaf stems and rosette of large, dark green leaves, it can hold its own in the flower garden. It's also a rewarding crop for the home vegetable gardener it's...

Drawing a plot plan

This is the pencil-and-paper stage of planning, and if you use graph paper, you'll find it easier to work to scale. Don't be intimidated by all this talk about drawing and sketching. Your garden plan doesn't have to be a work of art just a working document. Drawing to scale, however, is helpful. A commonly used scale is one inch on paper to eight feet of garden space adapt the scale to whatever is easiest for you. Draw up a simple plot plan giving your garden's measurements in all directions....

Pannip

Fertilizing The Vegetable Garden

Common name parsnip Botanical name Pastinaca sativa Origin Europe Hollow Crown improved 95 days . All American 105 days , Harris Model 120 days . annuals and belong to the same family as celery, carrots, and parsley. A rosette of celerylike leaves grows from the top of the whitish, fleshy root. Parsnips taste like sweet celery hearts. Roman Emperor Tiberius demanded annual supplies of parsnips from Germany. Parsnips were the potato of medieval and Renaissance Europe. Parsnips need a long, cool...

When To Plant Okra

Okra Hibiscus Esculentus

Fingers, gumbo Botanical names Hibiscus Emerald 56 days Clemson Spineless 58 days Dwarf Green Long Pod 52 days . Okra, a member of the cotton and hibiscus family, is an erect, tender annual With hairy stems and large maplelike leaves. It grows from three to six feet tall, and has large flowers that look like yellow hibiscus blossoms with red or purplish centers. When mature, the pods are six to 10 inches long and filled with buckshotlike seeds. Okra is used in Southern cooking, in gumbo or...

Providing the right environment

Growing Vegetables Containers Ideas

The purpose of growing transplants from seed is to provide them with the correct environment for the important early growth period. This requires both care and common sense on your part. Cleanliness, temperature, moisture, and light all contribute to the healthy development of your plants. The following are supplies or conditions you'll need in order to grow transplants at home. Planting medium. Young seedlings are subject to damping-off a disease that can ruin your potential crop in infancy....

Planting problemfree vegetables

Common Garden Pest

First of all, you can take the simple precaution of planting only varieties that are not susceptible to major pest problems. There are a lot of vegetables that pests usually don't attack, or don't attack in large enough numbers to cause you any real grief or require the use of nonorganic methods of control. All these are fairly problem-free vegetables artichokes, asparagus, beets, carrots, celeriac, celery, chard, chicory, cucumbers, dandelion, horseradish, Jerusalem artichokes, leeks, okra,...

Potato

Botanical Potatoes

Potato, Irish potato Botanical name Solanum tuberosum Origin Chile, Peru, Mexico There are more than 100 varieties of potatoes in the United States, and they fall into four basic categories long whites, round whites, russets, and round reds. The most important variety is Russet Burbank, but it does not grow successfully in all areas. Good white varieties for general use are Irish Cobbler 75 days and Norchip 90 days . Good red varieties for general use are Norland 75 days and Red La Soda 110 to...

Bean cfaif

Red Kidney Bean Plant

Common names pinto beans, navy beans, horticultural beans, flageolet Botanical name Phaseolus species Origin South Mexico, Central America Dry beans are so called because the mature seeds are generally dried before they're eaten. There are many types, and some of the most common are cranberry. Great Northern, michilite, pinto, red kidney, white marrowfat, and pea beans. Horticultural beans, the genuine French flageolets, are a type of dry bean highly regarded by gourmets they're usually eaten...

Pumpkin

Deformed Horseradish Root

Common name pumpkin Botanical names Cucurbita maxima, Cucurbita moschata, Cucurbita pepo Origin tropical America Small pumpkins are grown primarily for cooking intermediate and large sizes for cooking and for making jack-o'-lanterns and the very large jumbo ones mainly for exhibition. The bush and semi-vining varieties are best suited to small home gardens. The following are a few of the varieties available, and unless otherwise indicated they are the vining kind. Ask your Cooperative Extension...

Compost and mulch The difference is in the use

If you're an inexperienced gardener, you may be confused by the difference between composting and mulching both processes use waste organic matter. The difference is in the use. Composted materials are dug back into the soil to enrich it and to enable the plants to use the nutrients that have been released by the decaying process. A mulch is a layer of material spread over the ground or around plants to provide protection from heat or cold, to retain soil moisture, or to maintain a certain soil...

Antichoke qlobe

Globe Artichoke Plant

Globe artichoke Botanical name Cynara scolymus Origin southern Europe, North America There are very few varieties of artichokes Green Globe is the variety commonly grown. The artichoke is a thistlelike, tender perennial that grows three to four feet tall and three to four feet wide. It is grown for its flower buds, which are eaten before they begin to open. The elegant, architectural leaves make the artichoke very decorative, but because it is tender and hates cold weather, it's not for al...

Honeydew melon

Botanical Drawing Jerusalem Artichoke

Common name horseradish Botanical name Armoracia Horseradish looks like a giant, two-foot radish. In fact, it's a hardy perennial member of the cabbage family. Ninety-eight percent of all commercial horseradish is grown in three Illinois counties near St. Louis. Horseradish has a very strong flavor and like the animal for which it's named can deliver a powerful kick when you're not expecting it. Horseradish is a very cold-hardy plant, which does well in the North and in cool, high-altitude...

The computerized garden plan

If all this planning thoroughly intimidates you, don't abandon the idea of gardening. It's the age of technology, and you can have your entire garden planned by a computer. The computer uses some basic information that you supply about your garden and develops a complete, easy-to-use plan that includes all the information the novice gardener needs to grow a vegetable garden. The only problem involved in having your garden planned by a computer is finding out who offers the service. At the...

Starting New Plants From Parts

Vegetables Plants Pictures

Seeds and transplants are not the only forms from which to raise new plants they're the forms you'll use most often, but some vegetables are started from other plant parts suckers, tubers, slips, crowns, sets, cloves, divisions, or cuttings. In some cases plants can be grown either from seed or from plant parts. Onions, for instance, take a very long time to germinate from seed, so it usually makes more sense to grow them from sets. Other plants grow best from plant parts. The following are...

Freezer containers

Vegetable Garden Containers Bag

Preserving food by freezing is based on the principle that extreme cold 0 F halts the activity of microorganisms, enzymes, oxidation, and other changes that cause food spoilage. When preserving foods by the heat treatment method of canning, containers must be hermetically sealed. Although that's not necessary for frozen storage, the packages you use must be airtight, as well as moisture vaporproof, odorless, tasteless, and greaseproof. The best package size for you depends on your freezer and...