An Infinite Variety Of Containers

Vegetable Garden Pots

The first consideration in choosing containers is size. Where do you want to put them, and how much room do you have The larger and deeper the container, the larger the yields up to a point Eight inches of soil is enough for just about any vegetable. (See Figures 10.03 and 10.04 for each plant's specific requirements. If you've got fairly small containers in mind, and you want to grow tomatoes, stay with the smaller patio-type plants the larger varieties of this great favorite require up to 20...

Different Organic Methods

There are many schools of thought within the organic gardening community. Some organic gardeners garden in moderation that is, while they prefer compost and organic fertilizers, sometimes they also use chemicals in controlling insects. Other gardeners treat organic gardening like an exacting and exact science. Between these extremes fall several other variations, including Biodynamic gardening A rather strict discipline of gardening in balance with Mature, based on the principles of Rudolph...

The Methods Of Transplanting

There are many techniques that can be used with transplants, and the most important will be discussed in this chapter. Warming the soil electrically can hasten the germination and growth of seeds indoors. Outdoors, coldframes and hotbeds can be used as intermediate stopovers between the indoor seedling bed and the garden or, as the weather gets warmer, as places where seeds can be eased through the first weeks of life. The techniques of English cloche gardening can be used to protect tender...

Postharvest tilling

Working the soil in the fall pays big dividends the following spring. Use a rotary tiller or spading fork to' turn undersurface refuse-weeds, stalks and dead leaves. A tiller used in fall also accelerates the breakdown of soil-building materials that occurs naturally during the winter. That means richer, more workable soil the following spring. That's one classic method of establishing and maintaining a vegetable garden. Other ways have been developed, and are worth consideration by all...

Cool And Warmseason Crops

Very hardy (plant 4-6 weeks after last frost-free date Hardy (plant 2-4 weeks before frost-free date) Not cold-hardy Iplant on frostfree date) Needs hot weather (plant 1 week or more after frost-free date) Beans, Lima Cucumbers Eggplant Peppers Sweet potatoes But before you complete this step you must be sure that the weather conditions are suitable. The time to transplant cool-season crops such as lettuce and celery is when the outside temperature averages 55 to 75 F. For warm-season crops...

Roundup Of Suppliers Of Pest Controls

General purpose Lime sulphur Maneb Zineb EAR, PER JOH, JUN, PER EAR, WET FAR, JUN, PER FAR, JUN, PER EAR Black Leaf 40 EAR, JUN Bonide (border and miner killer)JUN Combination insecticide GUR Diazinon EAR, JUN, PER, WET Earwig destroyer PER Malathion EAR, JUN Sevin EAR, FAR, GUR Slug destroyer MET, PER, WET Special purpose insecticides MEY, TWI Dog and Cat Repellent Mouse Rat baits Squirrel repellent Grasshopper spore Insecticidal soap Pyrethrum Rotenone Special purpose Thuricide BUR, GUR, JUN,...

Vegetable Gardening Today

VEGETABLE GARDENING HAS TAKEN on dimensions unimaginable when the current boom began back in the early 1970s. At that time, one out of every four vegetable gardeners was brand, spanking new. Today, only one in fifteen gardeners is just starting out That, of course, doesn't mean that a tremendous number of new gardeners won't be turning over their first shovelful of dirt in the late 1980s. It does mean, however, that America today has a great many experienced vegetable gardeners who are looking...

Why Light Gardening

Of course, you don't need to grow the above crops to maturity indoors they'll do beautifully grown from seed to transplant-size under lights, and then moved outside. Other vegetables are best grown under lights only to transplants. The large plants that produce edible fruit, such as beans and zucchini, should be transplanted (though bush varieties can be grown indoors in a container), as should broccoli, brussels sprouts, cabbage, cantaloupe, cauliflower and eggplant These varieties require...

Types Of Soil

Clay is composed of fine, flat, waferlike particles that fit together tightly and take in water slowly. Chemically, clay is primarily silicon and aluminum in composition, with small amounts of sodium, magnesium, iron, calcium and potassium. Once the clay particles absorb moisture, they hold it so tightly that it is almost impossible for plants to get any use out of it Beyond this, there is no space for air to penetrate. When clay dries, it is difficult to work, and plant roots have a hard time...

Limestone

Box 3628 Des Moines, IA 50322 BENWOOD LIMESTONE P.O. Box 68 Benwood, WV 26031 SUPPLY 50 E. 25th St Paterson, NJ 07514 CHIPMAN, INC. 400 Jones Rd. Stoney Creek, Ont Canada L8G3Z1 DRAGON CHEMICAL CORP. P.O. Box 7311 Roanoke, VA 24019 CORP. 5960 Broadway Lancaster, NY 14086 KOOS, INC. 4500 13th Ct Kenosha, WI 53140 H. LILLY, CHASE CO. 7737 N.E. Killingsworth Portland, OR97218 LUTTRELL MINING CO. P.O. Box 11705 Knoxville, TN 37919 ROBINSON FERTILIZER CO. 1460 N Red Gum Anaheim, CA 92806...

Green Manuring

Green manuring is the process of growing and turning under foliage crops solely for their fertilizing and soil-conditioning values. Plants with long tap roots tap deep-buried nutrients and trace minerals, break up the soil, and return to earth nutrients that are used in growing. Plants utilized as green manure include grasses, grains, and legumes, ryegrass and buckwheat These plants generally grow rapidly, producing a lot of organic material quickly. Legumes fix nitrogen that is, microbes in...

From Seed To Plant

Easy Gardener Fabric Ground Cover

Days For Seed to Emerge at Different Temperatures degrees F Source Department of Vegetable Crops. University of California, Davis. Source Department of Vegetable Crops. University of California, Davis. The latest in cold-frames. The gabled roof form permits higher growth and allows the soil to be worked earily by lifting up the window from below. Double-ribbed panels with air chambers store the heat The frame can be limitlessly extended with an extension kit homemade tunnels of clear plastic...

How Much Light

Before buying lights for an indoor garden, you will need to learn the different light requirements of each vegetable. Leafy and root plants, such as lettuce and radishes, need about 1,000 footcandles the equivalent of bright shade for good growth. Vegetables from which we harvest the fruit such as tomatoes, eggplant and squash need a minimum of 2,500 footcandles of light to reach maturity. Few gardeners own a light meter to check their indoor gardens. Plants, however, will become long and...

Vegetable Light Needs

Hydroponic Tomato Spacing

Commercial paper protectors come in a number of shapes and sizes Standard 'Hotcaps'. King-sized hotkaps', tlotents'and Super Hotents', Source Department of Vegetable Crops, Universith of California, Davis Use following table to plan your seeding optimum yield and quality - SEED CONVERSIONS AND RECOMMENDED PLANT SPACING Beans, bu h Beans, pole Beans, lima Beets Broccoli Squash, Summer Squash, Winter Tomato Turnip Watermelon 100 100 20-70 1,600 9,000 8,500 8,500 2,300 10.000 1,200 100-200 1,000...

Protective Devices

Plan Vegetation Drawings

You can easily protect vegetables from the weather by placing a cover over individual plants, a section of the garden, or an entire Vegetable Factory bed. These devices make it possible to raise the garden temperature 5 to 15 F or more. This allows you to start crops earlier and to extend the season for such warm-season crops such as tomatoes and eggplant by two to four weeks. A cloche is any covering that admits the sunlight to warm a bed. In a Vegetable Factory garden this might mean anything...

Vertical vegetable growing

Utilizing limited patio areas, vegetables are now being grown in upright vertical containers. Here are a few The vegetable tree is made of wire filled with planting mix, along an eight foot-high board with tomatoes at the bottom, cucumbers above, then radishes and carrots. Vegetable pot trees are baskets supported on a 5 x 7 foot post that has been anchored with bags of sand. There are also many types of roll-around bookcase vegetable planters being used. See Chapter 10 for details. Reference...

Chemicals In The Garden

There is no doubt that the use of simple organic techniques can be effective in the management and control of all kinds of garden pests. They have been considered first in this chapter because most gardeners prefer to consider organic methods before resorting to chemicals. There is a time and place for everything, however, and when pest problems get truly out of hand you may feel the need to turn to laboratory-developed assistance. It is important for the gardener thinking of using any of the...

Frontend rototillers

Rototillers

Lighter and generally less expensive than rear-end. 2. Mover manoeuverable, can turn in less space, making it easier to work garden beds. 3. Good digging capability. Takes fewer passes to get the soil in good shape. 1. Some compacting occurs, since wheels pass over soil that tines have tilled. 2. Not easy to control without strength and effort Jumps and bucks in heavy soil or when rocks are hit 1. Easy to operate. Can be guided with one hand. Good for people without the strength necessary to...

Waterproofing Baskets

Waterproofing Baskets

Buy clear polyester resin and hardener separately and a brush from a craft store. Be sure to use the hardener according to the instructions. Tear some newspapers into long strips about five inches wide. Brush the polyester resin on the basket bottom and sides, then line with the newspaper strips until you have filled the entire basket. Continue the resin-paper process until you've lined the basket with six coats of paper. When finished, add an additional coat of resin. Hanging basket trees...

Developing Good Soil

A soil in which vegetables can thrive generally contains solid matter and pore space in approximately equal measure. Moisture should occupy about half the pore space, air the other half. Most of the sold matter, about 43 to 45 percent of the entire soil makeup, should be mineral the rest of the solid matter 5 to 7 percent of the soil composition should be animal and vegetable organic material. Most garden soils start out being either too sandy or too clayish. Sand has too much air, clay too...

Vermiculite Terralite

Grace Co. 62 Whitmore Ave. Cambridge, MA 02140 MICHIGAN PEAT CO. P.O. Box 66388 Houston, TX 77006 ASB GREEMWORLD LTD. Pointe Sapin, Kent C.O. Canada EOA 2A0 AGRO-K CORP 1401 ME Marshall St Minneapolis, MM 55413 AQUA 10 CORP P.O. Box 818 West Beaufort Rd. Beaufort, MC 2.8516 BIO CHEMICAL, R amp D 210 Eye St Harlington, TX 78554 BLACK MAQIC PRODUCTS 8137 Elder Creed Rd. Sacramento, CA 95824 BOMIDE CHEMICAL CO., IMC. 2 Wurz Ave. Yorkville, MY 13495 P.O. Box 277 Pleasant Plains, IL...

Heating

Greenhouses are heated with electricity, gas, oil, L.P. gas or solar energy. Each has its good points and its bad. Electrical heaters tend to be least expensive. Small, portable units, they are easy to install but expensive to use, often creating pockets of heat. Besides standard heaters, you can use soil heating cables or infrared bulbs directly above your plants. They supply an even, constant warmth to mature plants, cuttings or seedlings. Gas or oil heaters are useful for larger greenhouses,...

Proper Use Of Insecticides

Select an insecticide that can be used on a wide variety of crops. 2. Read the instruction label carefully and follow directions exactly when preparing and applying insecticides. 3. never use an insecticide on a crop that is not listed on the label. 4. Never use more than the specified dosage. 5. Store insecticides out of reach of children. 6. Dispose of the container in a safe manner do not break or puncture the pesticide container. Wrap in a newspaper and place in the trash or bury at...

No

Vegtables Growing Coloring

These unusual stainless steel gardening tools are excellent for working with all types of vegetables. The narrow blade widths make it extremely easy to use around closely planted vegetables, handy for heavy-clay soils. Each is especially designed for cultivating, transplanting and weeding. Heavy-duty These flat-headed rakes are designed for raking large stones or for smoothing asphalt They can be useful in heavy soils or when putting in garden walks and paths. Traditionally an important tool...

What Kind Of Light

There are many kinds of incandescent and fluorescent lights on the market While the incandescent bulb is a good source of far-red light, it is deficient in the other colors. Most light gardeners, therefore, use fluorescent lights. There are some 'plant growth' fluorescent tubes that have been developed especially for use in indoor gardens. In general, these lamps reduce the output of yellow-green light and increase the output of red and blue rays, which the plants need. Some gardeners swear by...

Temperature

Another environmental factor you've got to watch when growing vegetables under lights is temperature. Fluorescent lights don't generate much heat, but even they produce enough to take into account incandescent bulbs, of course, give off a lot of heat for their size. Cool-season vegetables such as lettuce like temperatures that don't rise much above 65 degrees Fahrenheit. Warm-season vegetables such as tomatoes grow and mature best when the temperature is above 65 and below 90 F. And this is...

Spacing Vegetables In A Container

20 inches 5-10 gall, soil per plant . 12-20 inches 5 gal. of soil per plant . Figure 10.05 Bushel basket containers fining cucumbers love the warm, well-drained conditions provided by targe containers such as bushel baskets, half barrets and 7-gallon tubs. Containers should be filled with artificial soil purchased ready-made or Sourcebook Vegetable potting soiL prtoto credit national Garden tiureau. Another popular and attractive container is the half whiskey barrel. By law, barrels used for...

Value Of Earthworms

Chemical analyses of parent soil without earthworms and the same soil after being worked by earthworms have shown an increase of the following - Nitrate of Nitrogen Available phosphorus Exchangeable potassium Exchangeable calcium Organic Carbon The earthworm enriches the soil in the process of swallowing it and later expelling it in the form of castings. It takes in the soil, grinds it up, mixes it with calcium carbonate, pulverizes it, sends it on through the intestine to be digested by...

Sprinkler Manufacturers

Lisa Earlywine

PRODUCTS, INC. 3010 Ranchview Land Minneapolis, MN 55447 ENVIRONMENTAL INDUSTRIES, INC. 2104 E. 15th SL Los Angeles, CA 90804 BARCO MFG CO., INC. 7 Jackson SL Worchester, MA 01608 BROWN GOLD SOIL CORP. 50 E. 25th SL Paterson, NJ 07514 BURCH MFG CO., INC. 618 First Ave. N. Fort Dodge, IA 50501 CASCADES, INC. 53057 Marina Dr. Elkhart, IN 46514 SYSTEMS 1460 N. Naud SL Los Angeles, CA 90012 PRODUCTS P.O. Box 847 Smyrna, TN 37167 DEERE amp CO. John Deere Rd. Moline, IL 61265 THE DRAMM CO. P.O. Box...

Peat And Peat Moss

Sphagnum peat moss includes related moss peats Reed-sedge peat also called fibrous peat Light yellow to brown extremely fibrous readily identifiable whole plant remains Least decomposed or raw highest moisture-holding capacity, lowest bulk density Dark brown to reddish brown variable in fibrosity identifiable plant remains Most favorable state of decomposition for immediate soil benefit intermediate mois-ture-holding capacity and bulk density Very dark brown to black advanced state of...

Organic Soil Conditioners

Nutrient amp Water-Holding Capacity Organic sludge and compost are useful for modifying soil structure Has high nutrient content, but must be well rotted Should be well decom-popsed adds usable nutrients Untreated is high in carbon, low in nitrogen, can be purchased with nigrogen added Adds nitrogen 1 5 lb. per 10 cu. ft. Granular, easy to use helps break up heavy soild Needs nitrogen if untreated 1 lb. per 10 cu. ft. ALL YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT PLANT NUTRIENTS AND MORE Symptions of soil...

Organic Soil Care

Reduced to its basics, organic gardening is a system of maintaining the soil's fertility by replenishing it, not with chemicals, but with organic materials in the form of humus and compost Organic gardening stays true to the natural life cycle in which soil, water, plants and animal life all work in harmony, one having a part in the nourishment of the others. When decomposed plant and animal remains are returned to the earth, they help produce healthy soil structure and good aeration. This in...

Vegetable Disease Control Recommendations

Dark, sunken, circular or oval pod spots brown borders and salmon-colored ooze in spots leaves and stems also infected. Spray with Maneb or Zineb or dust with Maneb at first sign of disease and weekly thereafter also, use Bordeaux mixture. Brown or tan spots or blotches with a yellow border on leaves pods may have brick-red or brown sunken blotches. Seeds fail to grow young plants die. Root and stem rot Plant wilts and dies plant is decayed Rust Brown spots pustules on leaves. Broccoli,...

Light Requirements

Vegetables need both visible and invisible light rays for healthy, vigorous growth. Outdoor gardeners do not have to pay all that much attention to light They simply place their garden in good sunlight and hope that the growing season will not be excessively overcast Indoor gardeners have to be more knowledgeable. The following brief explanation should be sufficient for most needs, but additional information can be obtained from the many recently-published books specializing in light gardening....

Choosing Your Tools

When figuring out what tools you need, first make a list of the jobs that have to be done around the garden this chapter and others in this book ought to help you there. Then try to estimate how frequently each job is likely to come up this will depend to a great extent on the size of your garden and the type of vegetables you intend to grow. Armed with the results of this homework, select only those tools that you need for the tasks you are likely to encounter, giving priority to those that...

Hardening The Transplants

Before actually planting the seedlings in the garden bed or in a patio or balcony container, you should get them used to outdoor conditions. Adjust the young plants by placing them outside, in their pots, around the middle of the day. Don't overexpose them, especially at first, but gradually increase the time they are left out in the fresh air. Be sure to bring them indoors whenever frost seems likely, especially overnight In one way or another, expose your seedlings to lower temperatures for...

Parks Garden Condo

Jiffy Forestry

Park's Garden Condo is made of white-enameled aluminum tubing and measures 49 inches long by 18 inches wide by 47 inches high. It has two growing racks that hold four plastic removable trays. A 48-inch fluorescent fixture with two 40-watt, cool-white tubes is mounted on chains above each rack- Light fixtures can be raised or lowered to provide optimum light intensity. You assemble, with instructions provided. Cost 199.95 For the last two kits, contact PARK SEED CO. Cokesbury Road Greenwood, SC...

Seed Starter

The soil mix used makes a tremendous difference in seedling growth. A recent study using tomato plants showed that seedlings planted in ordinary potting mix had the least growth in a six week period. Plants grown in perlite and vermiculite did a littie better. Seedlings grown in pure sand grew twice as fast as seedlings grown in potting mix, periite or vermiculite. Plants grown in either Cornell or University of California mix did best In six weeks tomato plants grown in potting mix were barely...

Sprayers

Insecticide Duster

Sprayers are essential for the application of pesticides and fungicides in the garden, for spraying liquid fertilizer, for administering weed killer, for applying dormant sprays to fruit trees, and for many other purposes. Today, there are many improved designs on the market, offering different applicators and differing modes of operation. Small hand sprayers or atomizers come in various types. There are some for small jobs that are like a Windex bottle you simply pump the top with your...

Liquid fertilizers

Vegetable Garden Fertilizer Chart

These are sold as concentrated powders or concentrated liquids that you dilute with water. Liquid fertilizers are absorbed through the leaves, stems and branches, as well as through the roots. They can be sprayed or sprinkled on the vegetables. Different kinds of fertilizers are prepared for different soil conditions and vegetables. Some manufacturers offer as many as twelve different formulations. Most are composed of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium, with trace elements. Vegetable...

Chemical Controls For Larger Pests

Keep Birds Out Vegetable Garden

State Elgin, IL 60120 Panogen Co. Ringwood, IL 60072 Improved Z.I.P. Associate Laboratories 1771 Massachusetts Ave. Cambridge, MA 02138 Chemper Chemical Co. 269 Madison Ave. New York, NY 10016 Skat Stix, does not wash away Rozoi mouse killer Carajon Chemical Co. Inc. Fremont, Ml 49412 Force's Gopher Killer whole-grain oats-strychnine alkaloid Force's Mole Killer San Francisco, CA 94105 Scram-Dog repellent, easy to use aerosol Colonial Products, Inc. 1830 10th Ave. N....

Diggtngawd Materialshandling Tools

Shoveling Fork

Some gardeners use one tool for all their digging others have a range from which to choose. Before going any further consider the following Wilt your use of the toot be light or heavy Shovels are constructed in one of three basic ways hollow-back, closed-back, or solid-shank, hot-tapered. The type of construction determines their strength, the amount of abuse they will withstand and, naturally, their price. These indoor outdoor hand tools are lightweight durable and made of tough, molded...

Structural Materials

The main alternatives for greenhouse farming are galvanized steel, aluminum and wood. Aluminum is most commonly used because it is light and strong, and doesn't warp. It transmits and thus loses heat, but only to a minor degree. Galvanized steel is very strong, but it sometimes flakes and rusts. Wood has been used for many years. Redwood and cypress are quite good, but construction-grade pine and fr should be checked carefully. Wood is strong, durable and good-looking, but it is bulky and prone...

Seed starter kits

Rooting Cutting Indoor

Several companies now offer vegetable and herb starter kits. Each kit contains everything you need to grow healthy seedlings to transplant size. These kits vary from containers already planted with individual vegetable seeds to kits with cubes, fertilizers, trays, heating cables and clear plastic tops to keep in the moisture these latter are often referred to as indoor greenhouses for some examples see Chapter 10 . Use Jiffy-7ss to root cuttings of indoor plants. Use Jiffy-7ss to root cuttings...

Preparing Hanging Baskets

Hanging wire baskets make fine containers Tor lettuce, radishes and even small tomato plants. Round ones can be hung from the ceiling half round ones are attached to a wall. To prepare a wire basket, stuff sphagnum moss between the two top wires until you have a neatly packed collar around the rim. Place burlap or an aluminum pie tin in the bottom to keep the soil from washing out Line the basket with pieces of moss, overlapping them to better hold the soil. The basket should have an even layer...

Pots and pellets

Jiffy Prepacked Trays

There are several kinds of small pots, pellets, cubes and other small containers available for use in transplanting. Jiffy-7 pellets are compressed sterile sphagnum peat and soil with added fertilizer, all enclosed in a plastic net The pellet expands to form a small container 13 4 x 2 when placed in water. The seed is planted directly in the pellet just before this watering. Jiffy pots are available in several forms Jiffy-7 Special, with a preformed quarter-inch hole, ideal for cuttings Jiffy-7...

Suppliersmanufacturers Of Irrigation Systems

Black Sooty Mold Spores 400x

Schrader Havana, IL 62644 THE AMERICAN GRAN BY CO. 1111 Vine SL Liverpool, NY 13088 PRODUCTS DIV. 502 Indiana Ave. Sheboygan, W1 53081 SYSTEMS 619 E. Gutierrez SL Santa Barbara, CA 93103 AQUA TRENDS Blair Bldg. 215 N. Federal Hwy. Boca Raton, EL 33432 JOHN BLUE CO. 2800 Bob Wallace Ave. Huntsville, AL 35802 CLOVER GARDEN PRODUCTS P.O. Box 874 Smyrna, TN 37167 THE DRAMM CO. P.O. Box 528 Manitowoc, Wl 54220 DYCKES PLASTICS 149 Jessop Ave. Saskatoon, SasK. Canada S7N 1Y3...

Methods Of Watering

Rain Guard For Rain Bird

In addition to rain, which is not easy to control, there are two basic ways of bringing water to your garden. Some gardeners insist that the best way of watering vegetables is right on the ground, using some kind of irrigation system. Others believe that watering from above more closely approximates rain and is therefore better for vegetables. We'll discuss both methods. Watering from above is generally the easiest method. However, a fair amount of water is lost through evaporation. Another...

Plant Growing Temperature Range

Garlic, leek, lettuce, mustard, onion, parsley, pea s spinach Beet, broccoli, brussel sprouts, cabbage, carrot, cauliflower, celery, chard, collard, kale, kohlrabi, parsnip, potato, radish Bean, cucumber, eggplant, melon, okra, pepper, pumpkin, squash HOTKAPS Plant Protectors 6 High HOTKAPS Plant Protectors 6 High

Potting mixes

Soil Mix For Vegetable Garden

A good potting mix must be loose enough to let the roots develop freely. It must provide enough air space despite container compacting to allow good air and water circulation it must have the right pH balance and it must retain nutrients and water yet still drain well. To fulfill these requirements, most potting mixes are a good combination of organic matter and minerals. The organic component may be peat moss, compost, bark, redwood sawdust, shavings, or any combination of these. The mineral...

Greenhouse Construction

Porch Framing Construction Design

All the different types of greenhouses have their individual advantages and disadvantages, depending on the circumstances of their intended use. The following should help you determine which type is most suitable for you. Designed for year-round use. the new Sun-Porch model is an insulated winter greenhouse that converts to a summer screened room. It features heavy-duty bronze-finish aluminum framing with 1-inch insulated glass-clear or bmnze-tinted Ptexiglas. Do-it-yourself assembly. Designed...

Manufacturers Of Compact Tillers

Ryan SL Brillion, WS 54110 ATL S TOOL amp MFG CO. 5151 Natural Bridge Rd. St Louis, MO 63115 FELDMAN ENGINEERING 639 Monroe St Sheboygan Falls, Wl 53085 MTD PRODUCTS, INC, P.O. Box 36900 Cleveland, OH 44136 ROPER SALES 1905 W. Court St Kankakee, IL 60901 THE TORO CO. 8111 Lyndale Ave. S. Minneapolis, MN 55420

Benefits of mulching

Conserves soil moisture All mulches slow down evaporation of water from the upper 6 to 8 inches of soil. Since they shade the soil but not the plants from the sun, evaporation is reduced by a good 70 to 90 percent In addition, mulching tends to promote the distribution of water evenly over the soil area that it covers. Moderates soil temperatures Mulching tends to insulate the soil from the weather conditions 'outside,' and thus helps prevent baking, freezing, and so on. In addition, organic...

Manufacturers Of Garden Tractors

Ariens Tiller Furrower

Ryan St Brillion, Wl 54110 DEERE 8f CO. Deere Rd. Moline, IL 61265 FORD TRACTOR OPERATIONS Troy, Ml 48084 6l04Avenida Enemas Carlsbad, CA 72008 HOMESTEADER-ANDERSON'S CUSTOM TRAILER MFG CO. P.O. Box 207 Clinton, AR 60611 HARVESTER 401 N. Michigan Ave. Chicago, IL 60611 JACOBSEN Div ofTeltron, inc. 1721 Packard Ave, Racine, Wl 53403-2561 KUBOTA TRACTOR CORP. 300 W, Carob St Comptoa CA 90220 MTD PRODUCTS, INC, P.O. Box 36900 Cleveland, OH 44136 This hiller furrower mounts on the...

Fungicides

Polypropylene Tank

Chernicai fungicides are effective in preventing and controlling vegetable disease. Because fungicides can be blown or washed off plants, they must be reapplied at regular intervals while the disease is active, The following chemicals are often used in vegetable gardens. BENOMVL l-butylcarbamoyl-2-benzimidazole carbamate Bordeaux A mixture of copper sulfate and spray lime in water Ferban Ferric dimethyl dithocarbamate Fixed copper Copper oxychloride sulfate Basic Copper Sulfate, Trrbasic Copper...

Feeding Techniques

Container vegetables generally need supplemental feeding because the frequent watering leaches out many of the nutrients. Generally, plants need three major elements nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium plus minor trace elements. Each major nutrient affects vegetable growth in different ways. nitrogen, for instance, is important for the leafy growth of lettuce, mustard, spinach and other vegetables. Phosphorus is used in flowering and producing fruit such as tomatoes, cucumbers and eggplant....

Small Cultivators

Seed Bed Cultivators

The latest power development for gardeners is the power cultivator hoe tiller. Both electric and gas power models can be used to cultivate small gardens even among tightly spaced plants and vine crops. They can weed shallow depths at 1 to 3 inches, or till up to 10 inches deep. All weigh under 30 pounds and are much easier to handle than the standard size rototiller. Garden experts say you should consider four points when deciding whether to purchase a lawn garden tractor - 2. Do you have a lot...

Plastic pails

They may not win many design awards, but plastic pails are inexpensive and practical containers for use in vegetable gardening. You can buy the 2- or 3-gallon type at the local variety store, or you might be able to pick up larger, 5- or 10-gallon models that have been tossed away after use at construction sites. There are many ways to doll up these plastic eyesores, such as covering them with metal foil or placing them inside larger wicker baskets. Some companies, such as Rubbermaid,...

Building a Compost Pile

You should develop an individual approach to compost-making based on how much space you have, how much compost you need for the garden bed, and how elaborate a layout you're inclined to construct As a guide, following are five different approaches to setting up a compost pile, using a range of devices from a simple plastic bag to a permanent group of bins. 1. Buy a dark-colored plastic bag, the kind used to line 20- or 30-gallon garbage cans. 2. Inside, put a 2-inch layer of soil or peat moss....

Peat Moss

Pointe Sapin, Kent C.O. Canada E0A2A0 ANCO PRODUCTS P.O. Box 24343 Dayton, OH 45424 ATKINS amp DUBROW P.O. Box 55 Port Colborne, Ont Canada L3K5V7 BANDINI FERTILIZER 4139 Bandini Blvd. Los Angeles, CA 90023 BLACK MAGIC PRODUCTS 8137 Elder Creek Rd. Sacramento, CA 95824 2035 Shadywood Lane Shreveport, LA 71105 COLBY, ELL CO. P.O. Box 248 Lake Mills, IA 50450 DESCHENES amp MARTIN LTD. 212 Queen St Suite 401 Fredericton, NB Canada E3B1A8 CONRAD FAFARD, INC. P.O. Box 3033...

Hanging Pots

To prepare a 10- or 12-inch plastic hanging pot for planting, make four or five lVi-inch holes in the side of the pot about halfway down by drilling. Also punch small drain holes near the bottom of the pot Enlarge the upper holes by melting them with a soldering iron. Cut a 5-inch square of black plastic and slip it around the stems of the plants. Tuck the plastic and the plants through the holes, now fill the basket with soil mix, and add the remaining plants at the top. Start all your...

Organic Insect Management

Insect Zucchini Fruit

Insect infestation in your garden can come and go. There are many factors that determine whether or not a particular pest will attack your plants. Insects move from one place to another and are often influenced by weather, day length, what your neighbors are doing, what crops you are raising and what stage of life they are in , and many other factors. Almost any change can send insects out of your garden and off in another direction. Furthermore, the insects' own life cycles figure in the...

The Importance of a Guide for Your Garden

Soil Chart For Vegetables

Avoids Hidden Hunger Visible symptoms of nutrient deficiency indicate severe starvation. Plant health and productivity begin to deteriorate long before symptoms appear. Maximizes Productivity Properly nourished plants are more resistant to disease, drought and inclement weather. Plants require nutrients throughout all stages of growth. Periodic soil testing enables the gardener to monitor changing soil conditions. Greater Economy By determining specific soil nutrient requirements you can make...

Containers Fit Everywhere

Bred especially for container growing and a healthy measure of intelligent planning. The choice of containers is as broad as your imagination. From recycled coffee cans to large patio planters, from cut-down milk cartons to redwood boxes to wicker baskets to plastic garbage cans, there are containers to suit every space and pocketbook. Depending on the size of your containers and the material used to make them, you will buy ready-to-use soil or you will mix up your own blend. The amount and...

Bottom watering

Vegtable Garden Irrigation Systems

Vegetables can be watered from the bottom by such simple methods as a ditch between the rows, an open-ended pipe or a hose bubbler. Far better today, however, are the drip-trickle irrigation systems. These work by providing small amounts of water to your vegetables along the root zone. Most cut water dosage by up to fifty percent by putting water exactly where it is needed and by slowing evaporation. Water striking an arm moves the sprinkler around in a circle. Each sprinkler will cover an area...

Pest Diagnosis And Remedies

Colonies of insects on leaves and buds. Shoots channeled, leaves eaten by larvae of beetles. Colonies of black sucking insects on leaves. Hopping, running insects that suck sap from leaves. Lower surface of leaves eaten between veins skeletionized. Scaly nymphs on underside of leaves white adults flutter when disturbed Leaves eaten leaving trail of slime. Colonies of small green insects on leaves. Plants sickly maggots attack underground parts of plants. Small plants cut off at soil level at...

Organic Mulches

Bandini Fertilizer

Almost any organic material will make a usable mulch see Figure 3-14 if it provides some insulation and is porous enough to permit moisture and air to penetrate to the soil. Organic mulches have an almost immediate effect on the garden. Aeration is improved in clay soils, as is the water-retaining propensity of sandy soils. Organic material as it decomposes also plays an important role in soil granulation. In addition to the standard products, many unusual and economical mulches such as rice...

Manufacturers Of Frontend Tillers

Speedy Hoe Tiller

This 23 pound tiller cultivator is designed for spot tilling and weeding. Powered by a 1.6 MP 2-cycle engine, it is especially useful for working the soil in small gardens. This 23 pound tiller cultivator is designed for spot tilling and weeding. Powered by a 1.6 MP 2-cycle engine, it is especially useful for working the soil in small gardens. The Mainline engine is mounted directly to the all gear drive transmission resulting in a low center of gravity. Can be used in smaller gardens. Optional...

Building Your Own Greenhouse

Canada Wood Materals Make

Building your own greenhouse gives you more greenhouse for your money and more flexibility to have the size, shape and design that you want. A homemade greenhouse can be anything from a window annex to a 70-foot superdome It can be built This infrared vacuum-gas heating system consists of an overhead burner connected to an infrared heat emitting pipe. The invisible infrared rays radiate in straight lines to all surfaces. Heated surfaces transfer warmth to the air. Gas-operated. Figure 9.14...

Garden Handcarts

Wheelbarrowcarts

Garden carts have taken over where the wheelbarrow left off. Today's modern garden cart is so well balanced that it will handle bulky materials with complete stability and without a lot of musclepower. Unlike the wheelbarrow, carts allow you to move even the heaviest of loads with minimal effort Manufacturers have begun to make a wide variety of carts, from small-wheeled, wedge-shaped models with with a capacity of four cubic feet to large, 26-inch wheel carts designed to carry anything from...

Your Choice Of Hydroponic Methods

In all hydroponic methods, the plants absorb the nutrients directly from the mineral mixture dissolved in water and fed directly to the roots. You can grow your plants in sand, gravel, perlite, vermiculite, coarse sponge rock and similar material they can even be grown directly in solution. The following are the most popular methods. The growing medium is flooded one to three times a day for a period of one-half to two hours at a time. 2 wetexplai nfttnei t imentfefi eooantssvetmeyion...

Ventilation

Cinder Block Vegetable Gardens

Every greenhouse needs some sort of mechanism, whether automatic or hand-operated, to allow regu- Figure 9.06 Santa Barbara greenhouse The standard model fiberglass greenhouse has four sets of vents and a pre-assembled Dutch door frame. The frame is top-quality California redwood. Individual parts are pre-assembled at the factory. Figure 9.06 Santa Barbara greenhouse The standard model fiberglass greenhouse has four sets of vents and a pre-assembled Dutch door frame. The frame is top-quality...

Approximate Distribution Of Colors In Fluorescent Lamps Used For Plant Growth

Fair Lawn, NJ 07410 General Electric Lamp Manufacturing Div. Nela Park Cleveland, OH 44112 Provides full-spectrum light for vegetative growth useful for starting all vegetables 29 Full spectrum bulb will grow all vegeta Produces a balance of red and blue light useful for starting seeds Provides a balance of red and blue light Can be plugged in for light in bookcases, cabinets and shelves. Comes in cool white daylight, warm white deluxe high output Westinghouse...

Planting In Peat Kubes Using An Electric Soil Warmer

Plastic Dome Lids Gardening Rectangle

Wet the soil thoroughly and plant the seedlings according to the directions on the seed package. The healthy seedlings with strong roots, well-developed stems and full leaves will show the benefits of soil warming during the germination and early stages of growth. The seedlings in peat pots can be placed directly into prepared holes in your garden or into permanent pots indoors. Cover the entire bed or a portion of the bed with a Wicket Tunnel'. This tunnel is made of construction wire covered...

Mechanical Cultivators

Push Plows High Wheel Cultivators

Mechanical cultivators are still popular with many gardeners. The high- and low-wheel types work in much the same manner as the old horse-drawn plow. Instead of pulling, you push the plow through the soil. Both types can be used effectively in large gardens. Most cultivators come with several attachments fint-tine cultivator-weeders, a moldboard plow that turns the soil, and a double-end shovel that forms furrows on These high-wheel cultivators are still popular among many gardeners. They will...

Window Greenhouses

Los Angeles, CA 90039 INC. P.O. Box 11087 Cleveland, OH 4111 BRIGHT SPOT, INC. 4800 Wingate St Philadelphia, PA 19136 PRODUCTS CORP. 1501 Admiral Wilson Blvd. Camden, NJ 01802 PLASTICS GROUP One Plastics Ave. Pittsfield, MA 01201 GREENHOUSES 275 Main St Chatham, NJ 07928 CO. 400 E. Main Taylorville, IL 62557 JA NEARING CO. 9390 Davis Ave. Laurel, MD 20707 JOHN RUDI AND SONS 26 Evelyn Ave. Vineland, NJ 08826 SEALED AIR CORP. Park 80 Plaza E. Saddle Brook, NJ...

Nematode control

Nematodes are tiny microscopic worms that live in the soil and on the insides of plant roots. Nematode root knot disease can be a serious problem in home garden. Here's how to control it- 1. Move the garden every two or three years. 2. Make sure purchased transplants do not show tiny root swellings or knots on the roots. 3. Place mulch around the base of plants to keep the soil from drying out, and make sure the soil stays moist during dry weather. 4. Destroy the roots by pulling up and...

Acidalkaline Soil

Soils are often acid sour or alkaline sweet . This is expressed in terms of pH the degree of alkalinity or acidity on a scale of 1 to 14 7 is neutral, below 7 acid, above 7 alkaline. Most vegetables with some notable exceptions like tomatoes do best in neutral soils. See Figure 2.03. Soils become acid by the leaching of calcium and magnesium ions and their replacement by hydrogen ions. This occurs naturally in regions of heavy rainfall. Soils turn more alkaline as calcium, manganese, and sodium...

Rototillers

Speed Troy Bilt Horse

The principal purpose of the rototiller is to break up the earth to till the soil in preparation for planting. There are two basic types of tillers, front-end and rear-end. The difference between them is simply that one has the tines in front of the wheels, the other has them in back of the wheels. Front-end tillers are powered through the movement of the tines. An adjustable drag bar is used to make the tines dig in, and the operator can use this to control both speed of the tiller and depth...

Vegetable Varieties For Containers

A number of midget or mini-vegetables are especially suited to container gardening. Some of the most popular varieties include Dwarf Morden cabbage. Little Finger carrot. Golden Midget corn, Little Minnie cucumber, Morden Midget eggplant, Tom Thumb lettuce and Golden Midget watermelon. In addition, a number of tomato varieties do particularly well in containers Tiny Tim, Small Fry, Burpee Pixie Hybrid, Presto Hybrid, Patio Hybrid and others. Many catalogs now have special sections devoted to...

Companion Planting

Many gardeners have come to the conclusion that some plants attract insects, others repel them. And for this reason some types of plants do especially well in combination with certain other types. For instance, nasturtiums often attract aphids. If your melons, say, have been bothered by aphids in past years, nasturtiums planted right next to the melon plot might attract all the aphids away from the melons. On the other hand, garlic repels aphids planted next to a melon patch it might just be...

Dry chemical fertilizers

Powdered These are sold as a combination of materials in powdered form. They provide vegetables quick access to nutrient material, but blow away easily and leach out quickly. Pelletized-granular Powdered fertilizer is compressed into pellets. These pellets are easy to spread and release the nutrients slowly as the pellets break down. Time-release The fertilizer pellets are coated with resin or a similar substance. The nutrients slowly diffuse through the resin. When watered, the surface is worn...

Greenhouse Accessories And Sources

Arvin Titan electric, hot-water, amp gas heaters Electric heater systems, J, soil cables Electric, gas, hot-water heaters, heating systems, soil cables Electric 5 KW heaters electric, gas, kerosene, oil, hot water Several kinds of heaters electric, gas, kerosene, oil, hot water Coolers, humidifiers, shutters, exhaust fans Fans, shuters, coolers, humidifier systems, 150 to S300 Shades, plastic, films, Misting shading powder, watering sys-automatic venting tems Thermometers, humidity meter,...

Number Of Plants Needed Per Person

Cucumbers 6 plants on trellises Tomatoes 9 plants Zucchini 5 plants Bell Peppers 19 plants Cabbage 2 plantings Lettuce 2 plantings Beans 2 plantings Chard Beets 2 plantings Carrots 2 plantings Spinach 2 plantings Radishes 2 plantings Parsley Green Onions sets Leeks Broccoli Cauliflower Peas sugar snaps Brussels sprouts Drive stakes to support your cucumbers and tomatoes before you plant them. This prevents damage to the plant roots. Keep weeds and grass mowed around the edge of the garden so...

Kitsprecut greenhouse

Wood Framed Greenhouse

Most models Of greenhouses on the market today come as knocked down structures that must be assembled on the spot. It is only a short step away to buy a greenhouse kit The kit industry generally has become much more reliable in recent years than it once was, and relatively few buyers of greenhouse kits complain nowadays about the way their kits fit together. Metal wood, glass or fiberglass kits are well designed and quite easy to assemble. The less expensive, soft plastic greenhouses from 150...

Predator And Parasitic Insects

Stomach Poison Insects

Many gardeners assume that every bug they see is destructive. The truth is that of the approximately 80,000 species of insects in North America, over half are beneficial. Most of these insects work in two ways to help keep the destructive insects in your garden under control. First, predator insects, mites and molluscs destroy garden pests. Some of these insects have large mouthparts that allow them to tear up and devour their prey. Others have piercing mouthparts with which to suck the body...

Disadvantages of mulching

Despite what you may think from reading the preceding paragraphs, mulching is not the answer to every gardener's prayer. For one thing, if the soil is not in very good shape, a mulch may do more harm than good by keeping it hidden from view. For another, organic mulches are high in carbon, and the microorganisms breaking them down will use up some of the soil's nitrogen to restore the balance. There is also a danger that in damp areas certain kinds of mulches will provide the perfect home for...