Marigold

AT A GLANCE

Botanical Information

Family: Daisy

Height: Dwarf 6 to 12 inches,

Giant 1 y 2 to 3 feet A/B/P, Hardiness: half-hardy annual

Spacing: Dwarf, 4 per square; Giant, 1 per square

Growing Season Spring: no Summer: yes Fall: yes Winter: no

Seed to Flower: 10 weeks Seeds Storage: 2 to 3 years Weeks to Maturity: 3 to 4 weeks Indoor Seed Starting: 6 to 8 weeks before last spring frost Earliest Outdoor Planting: at last frost date Additional Plantings: not needed Last Planting: not needed

Description

Just about everyone will recognize the pompom flowers of the marigold. The most common flower colors are orange, yellow, and red/orange bicolor, but they can be found in burgundy, red, and even a creamy white. Flowers can be single, double, or crested, and between 1 and 6 inches in diameter. Marigold leaves are distinctive— slim and lacy—and give ofTa pungent scent when cut or crushed.

The smaller marigold plants are sometimes called French marigolds, but all marigolds are native to subtropical America and have been grown in Mexico for thousands of years. The dwarf plants ranges in size from 6 to 8 inches tall. Don't be fooled by the name— dwarf refers to the plant size, not necessarily the flower size.

The larger marigold plants are known as African marigolds, but like their smaller cousins, they are indigenous to the Americas. Giant marigolds can grow up to 3 feet tall and are a stunning addition to a sunny garden. Although the plants themselves are large, the flowers can range from small to huge.

Marigolds are said to discourage nematodes when planted near tomatoes, potatoes, asparagus, strawberries, or roses, especially if they are grown for several seasons in soil where nematodes are suspected. Marigolds also repel the Mexican bean beetle when planted around bean plants. Japanese beetles are attracted to the odorless varieties of marigolds, where they can be trapped and drowned in soapy water. Slugs love to eat marigolds. They may go for your marigolds before your vegetables, so marigolds will not repel them.

Basil and Beyond

Starting

Location: Grow in a sunny location.

Seeds Indoors: Marigold seeds will germinate in about 7 to 14 days, ideal for a child's first foray into the wonders of growing plants from seeds.

Transplanting: After last frost date.

Growing

Watering: Weekly, 1 cup per plant when young, 2 cups per plant when larger. Don t let marigolds dry out—the plants will wilt and die quickly, and the stress will attract insects and diseases.

Maintenance: Pinch the growing tips back when the plant reaches about 3 inches tall to encourage bushiness. Pinch or snap off spent blooms to prolong flowering.

Harvesting

How: When thinking of flowers to cut for the vase, marigolds don't immediately spring to mind. However, they make a cute bouquet that can last for 7 to 14 days, as long as the stems are not bent. Marigold stems are short, so try to cut where the flower stem meets a main stem. Remove the leaves that will be under water. To reduce the aroma, add a spoonful of sugar to the water.

When: Cut marigolds when the flowers are one-half to three-quarters open. Fully open marigolds will die quickly in the vase.

Problems

Botrytis blight, wilt, slugs, mites.

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Responses

  • AWET TESFALEM
    How to grow marigold in squarefoot garden?
    7 years ago
  • aulis
    How many marigolds in square foot garden?
    7 years ago
  • shirley
    How many marigold in square foot garden?
    6 years ago
  • reagan
    How many marigolds to plant in square foot?
    4 years ago
  • harry
    How many merigolds in one square foot?
    4 years ago
  • ida
    How many marigolds can be planted in a square of a square foot garden?
    4 years ago
  • Kibra
    How many calendula per square foot garden?
    3 years ago
  • Christina
    How many marigolds in square foot gadening?
    3 years ago
  • reece
    How many flowers per marigold plant?
    2 years ago
  • Anas
    How many marigolds per sqare foot?
    2 years ago
  • geremia
    How many calendula plants per square feet garden?
    1 year ago
  • BRENDA
    How many marigold plant per square foot?
    1 year ago
  • sebastian
    Why should i plant marigold in square foot garden?
    10 months ago
  • yorda
    How many mariogold seeds per square food?
    2 months ago
  • jan
    How many marioglds per sw foot?
    1 month ago
  • sam wilson
    How many marigold can be fit into onw=e quare foot of gardening?
    7 days ago

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