Small Aquarium

The COMPLETE guide to Aquariums

The COMPLETE guide to Aquariums

The word aquarium originates from the ancient Latin language, aqua meaning water and the suffix rium meaning place or building. Aquariums are beautiful and look good anywhere! Home aquariums are becoming more and more popular, it is a hobby that many people are flocking too and fish shops are on the rise. Fish are generally easy to keep although do they need quite a bit of attention. Puppies and kittens were the typical pet but now fish are becoming more and more frequent in house holds. In recent years fish shops have noticed a great increase in the rise of people wanting to purchase aquariums and fish, the boom has been great for local shops as the fish industry hasnt been such a great industry before now.

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Winterizing your plants and fish

Tropical plants should be hauled out of the pond and tossed onto the compost pile. Or if you want to overwinter them indoors, get the details from wherever you bought the plants or try to find a more experienced water gardener to help you. Some tropicals can stay in heated aquariums you can strip others of all growth and store their little tubers or rhizomes in damp sand.

Lets Have Tea and Compost

Start with good garden compost, a five-gallon bucket of water, and a small mesh or burlap bag. Half a gallon of compost, held loosely in the cloth bag, is about right for a five-gallon batch of tea. Add an aerator (a large aquarium air pump- 27 at Seattle pet stores-will work). This is important, because non-aerated compost tea becomes anaerobic, also known as a stinking mess, and can damage your plants. You'll then need to add a few ounces of nutrient to feed the billion tiny organisms you're about to produce. Plain, unsulphured molasses will work, but the commercial, pre-mixed SoilSoup ( 25 a gallon at seems to inspire more of the beneficial organisms to multiply like crazy, and that's what you're after. And a gallon goes a long way.

Nutrient Solution Microbiology

Beneficial Bacteria The Reservoir

Combating this problem is simple, once you know its causes. First of all, warm water holds less dissolved oxygen than cool water, so keep your nutrient temperature between 68-75 degrees F. Secondly, keep the nutrient circulating so it's constantly picking up oxygen. Anywhere there is falling, spraying or rapidly moving water, you can assume dissolved oxygen is being added. If you have a large reservoir that circulates very slowly, adding a small aquarium pump can help supply extra oxygenation. I have found however, that aquarium airstones clog with salts after just a few weeks in a nutrient reservoir. Apreferred method is to take a small bypass off the pump line to provide a bit of current within the reservoir. At the end of this bypass, I attach the end of the airline so the bubbles and nutrient flow distribute evenly throughout the reservoir. Last but not least, providing a bacterial breeding ground within your reservoir will help the good bacteria establish themselves and fend off...