H M M

Cotinus obovatus — American smoketree, chittamwood ❖ Cowania mexicana — cliffrose, quininebush Crataegus crusgalli — cockspur hawthorn

M M M O L L M ✓ S M L M ✓ B

✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓

None available var. inermis (thornless), 'Hooks' (fewer thorns)

Tolerant of

if 5

M

H

H

M

L

M

4-8

4

Crataegus X lavallei — Lavalle hawthorn

M

M

M

M

L

M

4-8

4

Crataegus laevigata — English hawthorn

M

H

H

M

L

M

3-8

4

Crataegus phaenopyrum — Washington hawthorn

M

H

H

M

L

M

4-8

4

Crataegus viridis — green hawthorn

L

H

H

H

L

M

2-7

tElaeagnus angustifolia — Russian-olive

M

H

H

M

M

H

8-10

3,7

Eriobotrya japonica — loquat

L

L

M

L

H

M

3-9

Fagus grandifolia — American beech

L

L

M

L

H

M

4-7

Fagus sylvatica — European beech

General Species Characteristics

Orn. Features

Available Cultivai s

M

L

M

I

M

L

M

R

M

L

M

B

M

L

M

B

H

M

M

R

M

L

M

I

L

M

H

O

L

M

H

✓ ✓

Hybrid of C. stipulacea and C. crusgalli

Crimson Cloud' (blight resistant), Paul's Scarlet' (red, doubled flowers: very showy) Clark' (heavy fruiting), Fastigiata', Vaughn' (hybrid with C. crusgalli: heavy fruiting)

Winter King' (vase-shaped: red fruit attractive in winter: excellent tree) Red King' (rust red fruits)

Golden Nugget' (large: abundant fruit), Variegata' (white variegations) None available

Asplenifolia' (cut leaves), Pendula', Purpurea Tricolor' (purple variegated leaves)

M

M

H

H

M

M

3-9

Fraxinus americana —

white ash

M

H

H

H

L

M

6-9

❖ Fraxinus anómala —

singleleaf or dwarf ash

M

M

H

H

M

M

3-9

1

tFraxinus excelsior — European

ash

H

H

H

H

M

H

3-9

1

Fraxinus pennsylvanica —

green ash

M

M

H

M

M

M

4-7

Fraxinus quadrangulata —

blue ash

M

H

M

M

M

M

7-9

4Fraxinus velutina — velvet

or Modesto ash

M

H

H

M

L

M

3-9

3

Ginkgo biloba — ginkgo,

maidenhair tree

H

H

H

H

L

H

3-9

3,4

Gleditsia triacanthos —

honeylocust

M

H

H

M

M

M

3-8

3

Gymnocladus dioicus —

Kentucky coffeetree

M

M

M

M

M

L

5-9

7

Ilex opaca — American holly

M

M

H

M

L

L

3-7

Juglans cinerea — butternut

Autumn Applause' (tight, oval crown), Autumn Purple' (seedless), 'Rosehilf (seedless) None available

Aurea', Globosa' (30' tall), 'Pendula', Rancho' (30' tall: yellow fall color) 'Marshall's Seedless', Patmore' (seedless), Summit' (upright, pyramidal) True Blue' (very good for high pH soils, leaves stay dark green) 'Modesto' (glabrous leaves)

All males: Autumn Gold' (good fall color), Fastigiata', Pendula', Santa Cruz' (spreading)

All thornless: Imperial' (few pods), 'Moraine' (fruitless: very good tree), Shademaster' (dark green: few pods), Skyline' (good fall color) Variegata' (white variegations on green leaves)

Amy' (large leaves: abundant fruit), 'Goldie' (yellow fruit), VVyetta' (pyramidal) None available

Tolerant of

if 5

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