Breeding clubs royalties

In most countries, a breeding club that has produced and registered a new cultivar is entitled to royalties on the sale of propagating material of that cultivar. The club should establish well in advance how possible royalties are to be used, either to support the club activities, or to be shared among members, or to be used for charitable purposes such as supporting new clubs. Some clubs may choose to put a cultivar in the public domain, but it should still be registered to prevent anyone else from exploiting it. Breeding clubs; neighbour's complaints

One of the oldest of agricultural disputes is caused by the farmer who allows weed seeds to blow on to his neighbours land. The pollen blowing across farm boundaries from open-pollinated plants, that have been geneticall engineered, has also become a matter of dispute. Similar disputes can arise from breeders clubs that deliberately encourage pests and diseases, which can then spread on to their neighbours' crops.

The best means of avoiding this kind of dispute is for a club officer to visit neighbours and explain exactly what the club is doing, and why. The basic explanations are as follows: (i) Soil-

borne parasites will not normally spread to the neighbours' land. (ii) Water-borne parasites may spread in surface drainage water, or in a stream or river that is supplying irrigation water, but this is a relatively rare occurrence, and can usually be controlled or avoided. (iii) Minor wind-borne parasites do not matter. (iv) Major wind-borne parasites are around anyway, regardless of anything the club might do and, if the farmer is using pesticide controls, these should not matter. If the neighbour's spray schedule is not working this is either because he is using inappropriate techniques, or because a new pesticide-resistant strain of the parasite had appeared. In neither event can the club be blamed. (v) If the farmer is using a cultivar with a vertical resistance that breaks down during the club activities, it should be explained that the designated pathotypes used by the club are all common races that have been around for some time. The club cannot be blamed for a normal failure of vertical resistance on someone else's land. Breeding clubs; publication

Publication, probably on the Internet, serves two possible purposes. One is for purposes of exchange, either of breeding material, or of information on techniques. The other is to advertise the merits of a new cultivar.

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