Blemishes

Blemishes on fruit and vegetables are often caused by crop parasites. Since the development of synthetic crop protection chemicals, it has become fashionable to see only blemish-free produce on sale. However, blemishes are an indication of freedom from pesticides and are valued for this reason by lovers of organic food. Blighia sapida

Akee, a West African tree with poisonous fruits. However, the white arils from naturally matured fruits are edible. Now common in the West Indies. Blight

The common name of many plant diseases, usually caused by the downy mildews (Peronopsorales). The symptoms of most blight diseases are a burning and necrosis of the leaves. Potato blight (Phytophthora infestans), which caused the Irish famine during the 'hungry forties' of the nineteenth century, is the most famous of the blight diseases and, possibly, the most famous plant disease of all. Blood

See: Dried blood.

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