Ground Covers Vines and Flowers

Ground covers, vines and flowers complement most home landscape designs. Ground covers help unify tree and shrub plantings and provide a contrast between lawn and planting beds. Mass plantings of perennial ground covers reduce landscape maintenance. Vines soften the texture of brick and stone as well as shade house walls. They will cover chain link fences and help provide screening where space for trees and shrubs is limited. W I NI -r E. C2. Flowers add color to your yard. They can be planted...

Plant care

A1771 Caring for Deciduous Shrubs A1817 Caring for Your Established Shade Trees A1730 Evergreens Planting and Care NCR356 Fertilizing Garden and Landscape Plants and Lawns A3073 Identifying Shade Tree Problems A3435 Lawn Maintenance and Problems A1990 Lawn Weed Prevention and Control NCR26 Lawn Weeds and Their Control A3383 Mulches for Home Gardens and Plantings Recognizing Common Shade Tree Insects Selecting, Planting and Caring for Your Shade Tree Woody Ornamental Insect Pest Control Guide...

Landscape Design Principles

Unity Design Principles

Home landscape designs vary according to family needs and preferences, but successful designs have certain underlying principles in common. A landscape has unity when its predominant features have some visual characteristics in common. For example, plants with similar forms, colors and textures can create unity, both on your lot and in your neighborhood. This is also true of lawns and paving materials. Repeating a design pattern, color or texture in several different locations helps create...

Low Maintenance Landscapes

All plants and structures require some maintenance, but you have some choice as to whether your landscape will require a lot of maintenance or a little. Many homeowners enjoy lawn and garden work and knowlingly choose plants and structures that require a lot of maintenance. Others want an attractive and functional landscape, but would rather not spend evenings and weekends weeding, mowing, watering, edging and pruning. If you are in the latter category, you should work toward a low-maintenance...

Step Plan Outdoor Use Areas

The location and design of outdoor use areas will depend on family needs and preferences. The particular uses planned and amount of space available will determine use area size. Consider relationships between indoor and outdoor activities. You'll want to keep areas near bedrooms quiet, while locating noisy outside areas near the kitchen, or perhaps away from the house if space permits. Two general areas should be part of any home landscape design - public and private areas. The public area...

Shrubs

Five Leafed Bushes

Deciduous and evergreen shrubs are an important part of most home landscapes. Planted in groups, they create screens and barriers or serve as foundation plantings or understory plants beneath trees. Although most shrubs work best in groups, they may also be used as accents - accent shrubs can help lead visitors to your entrance, for example. Masses of shrubs effectively delineate different use areas in the yard, much as walls delineate the rooms of a house. A heavy planting of shrubs at house...

Planting for Energy Conservation

Energy Conservation Gardens Plans

Proper selection and placement of plants can reduce home energy consumption. Deciduous trees planted 15-25 feet away from the house on the east, south and west sides shade the roof and walls in summer, reducing surface temperatures. After the trees have dropped their leaves in fall, winter sunlight can reach the house to provide passive solar heating. Windbreaks, mainly evergreen plantings, located four to six times their ultimate height away from the house on the north and west sides can...