Preplanting and Seed Selection

Organic soybeans were grown on approximately 60,000 acres in Iowa in 1998. Though the market remains strong for organic soybeans, determining your market should occur before any acreage is planned. Buyers will help determine the varieties their organic farmers should grow based on their needs. A list of some of the buyers operating in Iowa is included on page 14. All organic soybean varieties are bred for the food-based tofu or natto market (e.g., specific seed size and protein requirements)....

Organic Agriculture

Iowa State found that projected costs of production for similar operations were comparable in 1998. Selling price for organic crops represented 1998 prices free on board F.O.B. or pick-up on the farm . Prices also reflect the obtainable price for certified organic crops or crops grown on land without synthetic chemicals for three years prior to harvest. Transition soybeans were sold for 10 per bushel in 1998, but because of the availability of organic soybeans in 1999, there were limited...

Organic Certification Legalities and Logistics

When Congress passed the Organic Food Production Act OFPA in 1990, it was heralded by many as the first U.S. law to regulate a system of farming. This law can be accessed at the Web site http www.ams.usda.gov nop . OFPA requires that anyone selling products as organic must follow a set of prescribed practices that includes avoiding synthetic chemicals in crop and livestock production and in the manufacturing of processed products. Organic certification agencies were established in the United...