Estimating Costs Guide To

SMALL GROUNDWORKS, LANDSCAPING AND GARDENING

BRYAN SPAIN

Spon's Estimating Costs Guide to Small Groundworks, Landscaping and Gardening

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Spon's Estimating Costs Guide to Small Groundworks, Landscaping and Gardening

Second Edition Bryan Spain

Taylor & Francis

Taylor &.Francis Group LONDON AND NEW YORK

First published 2005 by Taylor & Francis

Second edition published 2008 by Taylor & Francis

2 Park Square, Milton Park, Abingdon, Oxon, OX14 4RN

Simultaneously published in the USA and Canada by Taylor & Francis

270 Madison Ave, New York, NY 10016

This edition published in the Taylor & Francis e-Library, 2007.

"To purchase your own copy of this or any of Taylor & Francis or Routledge's collection of thousands of eBooks please go to www.eBookstore.tandf.co.uk."

Taylor & Francis is an imprint of the Taylor & Francis Group, an informa business

© 2005, 2008 Taylor & Francis

All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reprinted or reproduced or utilised in any form or by any electronic, mechanical, or other means, now known or hereafter invented, including photocopying and recording, or in any information storage or retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publishers.

The publisher makes no representation, express or implied, with regard to the accuracy of the information contained in this book and cannot accept any legal responsibility or liability for any efforts or omissions that may be made.

British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library

ISBN 0-203-93490-3 Master e-book ISBN

ISBN10: 0-415-43442-4 Paperback ISBN13: 978-0-415-43442-3 Paperback

ISBN10: 0-203-93490-3 eBook ISBN13: 978-0-203-93490-6 eBook

Contents

Preface vii

Introduction ix

Standard Method of Measurement/trades links xvii

Part One: Unit rates 1 Soft landscaping

Soil stabilisation 3

Excavation and filling 3

Seeding and turfing 10

Bare root trees 27

Container grown trees 36

Conifers 41

Shrubs 44

Climbers 55

Herbaceous plants 62

Hedging 75

Bedding plants 84

Maintenance work 85

by hand 85

by machine 87

Sundries 88

Part Two: Unit rates 91

Hard landscaping

Brick walling 93

Masonry 100

Precast concrete 105

Sub-bases 107

Beds and pavings 108

Fencing 114

Drainage 118

Part Three: Groundworks 129

Roads and sewers 131

House foundations 140

Part Four: Approximate estimating 155

Brick walling 157

Masonry 164

Kerbs and edgings 166

Beds and pavings 167

Drainage 170

Part Five: Tool and equipment hire 175

Tool and equipment hire 177

Part Six: Business matters 183

Starting a business 185

Running a business 200

Taxation 206

Part Seven: General construction data 217

General construction data 219

Part Eight: Plant names 231

English/Latin plant names 233

Latin/English plant names 240

Index 249

Preface

This is the second edition of Spon's Estimating Costs Guide to Small Groundworks, Landscaping and Gardening and is intended to provide accurate cost data for small landscaping and ground works contractors to prepare estimates and quotations more quickly and accurately. A new section has been added dealing with groundworks covering the construction of foundations for houses and roads and sewers that would be required on small housing estates.

This need for speed and accuracy is vital for all contractors operating in today's competitive construction market. Most contractors have the skills necessary to carry out the work together with the capacity for dealing with the setbacks that are part of the normal construction process. But they rarely have enough time to complete the many tasks that must be carried out in order to trade profitably. This book aims to help contractors by providing thousands of unit rates and, if used sensibly, can save them valuable time in the preparation of their bids.

I have received a great deal of support in the research necessary for this type of book and I am grateful to those individuals and firms who have provided the cost data and other information. In particular, I am indebted to Mark Loughrey of Loughrey & Co. Ltd, Chartered Accountants of Hoylake (tel: 0151-632 3298 or [email protected]), who are specialists in advising small construction businesses. Their research for the information in the business section is based on tax legislation in force in December 2006.

Although every care has been taken in the preparation of the book, neither the Publisher nor I can accept any responsibility for the use of the information provided by any firm or individual. Finally, I would welcome any constructive criticism of the book's contents and suggestions that could be incorporated into future editions.

Bryan Spain [email protected] April 2007

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