Zingiber cassumunar Roxb

Synonym ► Z. montanum (Koen.) Link ex. A. Dietr. Z. purpureum Rose.

Family ► Zingiberaceae.

Habitat ► Wild throughout India, also cultivated in tropical parts of India.

English ► Cassumunar Ginger.

Ayurvedic ► Vanardraka, Peja, Peyu, Aardikaa, Shringaberikaa.

Folk ► Adarakhi, Bana-adarakhi.

Action ► Rhizome—carminative, stimulant, antispasmodic. Used for diarrhoea and colic.

The occurance of an active diastase in the rhizome has been reported.

The enzyme resembles in its activity with alpha-amylase of Aspergillus oryzae. The rhizome gave an essential oil consisting of terpinen-4-ol (about 35%); other constituents are alpha-and beta-pinene, sabinene, myrcene, terpinene, limonene, p-cymene and terpinolene. The fresh rhizomes contain phenyl butenoic dimers, along with cyclohexane derivatives. Hex-ane extract of the rhizome contained (E)-4-(3'4'-dimethoxyphenyl)-but-3-en-l-ol, known as compound D. Compound D showed antispasmodic effect on guinea-pig ileum and tracheal smooth muscle, also a dose-related uterine relaxant effect in situ in non-pregnant rats; in pregnant rats the response varied with the period of pregnancy. Aqueous extract of the rhizome showed smooth muscle relaxant and anti-inflammatory activity. Antioxi-dant activity was found to be more intense than that of known curcum-inoid antioxidants. It is attributed to cassumunin A.

Was this article helpful?

0 0
Herbs 101

Herbs 101

Learn what you can do with herbs! How to Plant, Grow, and Cook with Natural Herbs. Have you always wanted an herb garden but didn't know how to get started? Do you want to know more about growing your own herbs in the privacy of your home and using them in a variety of cooking?

Get My Free Ebook

Post a comment