Viburnum coriaceum Blume

Family ► Caprifoliaceae.

Habitat ► The Himalayas from Punjab and Bhutan at altitudes of 1,200-2,500 m, also in the Nilgiris.

Ayurvedic ► Tilvaka (related species).

Folk ► Kaalaa Titmuliyaa, Tita, Karwaa (Kumaon).

Action ► The root and stem bark— antispasmodic, uterine sedative.

Ethanolic extract of the aerial parts shows antiprotozoal activity against Entamoeba hystolytica.

The root and stem bark (also of V. foetidum) possess distinct odour of the root of valerian. The extracts of root and stem bark exhibited antispas-modic activity and were comparable with those of the bark of V. opulus var. americanum and V. prunifolium.

Laal Titmuliyaa (Kumaon) is equated with Viburnum mullaha Buch-Ham.

702 Viburnum cotinifolium D. Don.

ex D. Don syn. V. stellulatum Wall ex DC.

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