Vernonia cinerea Less

Family ► Compositae; Asteraceae.

Habitat ► Distributed throughout India. Common in waste places and road side.

English ► Ash coloured Fleabane, Purple Fleabane.

Ayurvedic ► Sahadevi, Uttamkanya-ka, Dandotpalaa.

Siddha/Tamil ► Naichotte Poonde.

Action ► Plant—febrifuge, diaphoretic (infusion of herb, combined with quinine, is used against malaria). Used as a specific herb for leucor-rhoea, dysuria, spasm of bladder, strangury and for haematological disorders, as a blood purifier and styptic. Also used in asthma. Seeds—anthelmintic, antiflatulent, antispasmodic; used in dysuria, leucoderma, psoriasis and other skin diseases. Roots—anthelmintic; decoction used for colic.

The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia ofIn-

dia recommends the plant in inter

700 Vernonia javanica DC.

mittent fever, filariasis, pityriasis versi-colour (tinea versicolor), blisters, boils, vaginal discharges and in cases of psy-choneurosis.

Aerial parts gave luteolin-7-mono-beta-D-glucopyranoside. Whole plant gave triterpene compounds—beta-amyrin acetate, lupeol acetate, beta-amyrin and lupeol; sterols—beta-sito-sterol, stigmasterol and alpha-spinaste-rol; phenolic resin and potassium chloride.

Dosage ► Whole plant—10-20 ml juice; 5-10 g powder for external use. (API, Vol. III.)

Family ► Compositae; Asteraceae.

Habitat ► West Bengal, Assam, Meghalaya and Western Ghats.

Siddha/Tamil ► Shutthi.

Action ► Bark—febrifuge. The bark is chewed as a substitute for betel leaves.

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