Action ► Carminative, chola-gogue, expectorant, antibacterial, antifungal.
Key application ► Mint oil— internally for flatulence, functional gastrointestinal and gallbladder disorders; catarrhs of the upper respiratory tract. Externally, for myalgia and neuralgia. (German Commission E.)
Major components of the essential oil are menthol (up to 95%) and men-thone. Others are alpha-and beta-pinene, alpha-thujene, l-limonene, beta-phellandrene, furfural, methyl-cyclohexanone and camphene. The essential oil possesses both antibacterial and antifungal properties.
The leaves show anti-implantation effect. Seeds showed abortifacient activity (29%) in albino rats with marked malformations in neonates where pregnancy was not terminated.
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