Siddha/Tamil ► Mullangi.
Action ► Radish—preparations are used in liver, gallbladder and urinary complaints. Green leaves— diuretic and carminative. Seeds— diuretic, purgative, expectorant.
A decoction of dry radish is given orally in piles. Extract of the dry root is given for hiccough, influenza, dysentery, colic and urinary troubles.
Key application ► In peptic disorders, especially those related to dyskinesia of the bile ducts; and in catarrhs of the upper respiratory tract. (German Commission E.)
The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India recommends the juice of the whole plant in sinusitis; juice of the root in diseases of the throat and sinusitis; and the seed in amenorrhoea, cough and dyspnoea.
The fleshy root and seeds contain trans-4-methyl-thiobutenyl isothio-cyanate glucoside (the pungent principle), cyanidin-5-glucoside-3-sophoro-
Rauvolfia serpentina Benth. exKurz.
side, pelargonidin diglycoside, cyani-din diglycoside, 5-methyl-L-cysteine-sulphoxide (methiin), steroidal sa-pogenins and sulphorophene.
The enzymes present in the radish are phosphatase, catalase, sucrase, amylase, alcohol dehydrogenase and pyruvic carboxylase.
Radish contains caffeic acid and fer-ulic acid which exhibit hepatoprotec-tive and choleretic properties. It contains choline which prevents deposition of fat in liver. Amino acids, or-nithine, citrulline, arginine, glutamic acid and asparatic acid remove toxins from the body and urea acumulation.
Radish is a good source of ascorbic acid (15-40 mg/100 g), trace elements include aluminium, barium, lithium, manganese, silicon, titanium, also iodine (upto 18 mcg/100 g) and ascor-bigen.
Roots, leaves, flowers and pods are active against Gram-positive bacteria.
The seeds are reported to contain a broad spectrum antibiotic, machro-lysin, specific against Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Raphanin, extracted from the seeds, is active against Grampositive and Gram-negative bacteria.
A purified basic protein, homologous to nonspecific lipid transfer proteins, from seeds showed antifungal activity.
Raphanus caudatus Linn., synonym R. sativus var. caudatus, is known as Rat-Tail Radish.
A native to Java, it is cultivated in northern and western India. The root is not used; pods, purple or violet in colour, are consumed for properties attributed to Raphanus sp. These are known as Mungraa or Sungraa.
Dosage ► Whole plant-20-40 ml juice; root—15-30 ml juice. (API, Vol. II.) Seed—1-3 g powder. (API, Vol. III.)
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