Unani Madaar

Siddha/Tamil ► Erukku.

Action ► Flowers—stomachic, bechic, antiasthmatic. Milky juice— purgative (gastrointestinal irritant). Roots—used in lupus, tuberculous leprosy, syphilitic ulceration. Leaves—juice poisonous. Used in external swellings. All parts—used against bronchitis and asthma.

The leaf extract showed antitussive activity due to the presence of alkaloids and glycosides. The root contains gly-cosides 0.60-1.42% on dry basis. The latex contains akudarin. Flowers contain beta-amyrin and stigmasterol.

Dosage ► Milky juice—500 mg; leaf, flower, root bark—3-5 g powder. (CCRAS.)

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