Siddha/Tamil ► Kovvai.
Action ► Carminative, antipyretic, galactagogue. Powder of root is taken with water to stop vomiting. Juice of leaves—antispasmodic and expectorant. Applied externally in eruptions of the skin. Root— antiprotozoal. Fruit, leaf and root— antidiabetic. Various plant parts are used in slow pulse and convulsions, also against infective hepatitis.
The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia ofIn-dia recommends the whole plant for oedema, anaemia, disorders due to vitiated blood, cough and dyspnoea.
The fruit yielded beta-amyrin and its acetate, lupeol and cucurbitacin B.
Dosage ► Whole plant—3-6 g powder; 5-10 ml juice. (API Vol. III.)
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