Action ► Astringent, antiseptic, blood-purifier and febrifuge. Applied to abscesses, scrofulous glands and wounds; also given as a prophylactic against smallpox. Bark—used for dermatosis Extract of aerial parts—antiviral, antiamphetaminic, spasmogenic. Plant ash—given to children suffering from anaemia.
The aerial parts contain several tri-terpenoid saponins which gave sa-pogenin, nahagenin, oleanolic acid. Aerial parts also gave diterpenes, fa-gonone and its derivatives, besides flavonoids.
The flavonoids, quercetin and kaem-pferol, isolated from the leaves and flowers, showed antimicrobial activity.
The fruits are rich in ascorbic acid.
Dosage ► Whole plant—50-100 ml decoction. (CCRAS.)
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