Siddha/Tamil ► Manga, Mau, Mamaram (bark), Mangottai Paruppu (seed).
Action ► Unripe fruit—astringent, antiscorbutic. Ripe fruit—invigorating and refrigerant in heat apoplexy. Leaves—anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, chloretic, diuretic. Used in diabetes, externally in burns and scalds. Kernel—astringent, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antifungal, anthelmintic, antispas-modic, antiscorbutic; given in diarrhoea, diabetes and menstrual disorders. Stem bark—astringent; used for haemorrhages, diarrhoea, rheumatism.
The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia ofIn-dia recommends the dried seed in diarrhoea and dysentery; and the dried stem bark in genitourinary disorders.
Ripe mango contains sugars (9.518.6%), citric acid (0.12-0.34%), ascorbic acid (10.8-225.0 mg/100 g), carote-noids as beta-carotene (2,00017,000 mcg/100 g). The fruit gave phenolic compounds (m-digallic acid, gal-lotannin, phloroglucinol, protocate-chuic acid); flavonoids (1,2,3,4-tetrahy-droxy benzene, kaempferol and myri-cetin).
The seed kernel contains alpha-and beta-amyrins, gallotannin, glucogallin and several sterols.
The leaves contain a pentacyclic tri-terpene alcohol, indicol, besides tarax-
Manilkara kauki (L.) Dubard.
one, taraxerol, friedelin, lupeol and beta-sitosterol. Leaves contain several sugars, free malic and citric acids and amino acids. Some esters of ben-zophenone C-glucosides and kinic and shikmic acids have also been reported. Mangiferin is present predominantly in the leaves and twigs.
The bark contains phenolic compounds (gallocatechin, protocatechuic acid), xanthones (homomangiferin), several triterpenoids and sterols.
All parts gave phenolic acids (el-lagic acid, gallic acid, ethyl gallate); flavonoids (catechin), and xanthones (mangiferin).
Dosage ► Dried seed—1-2 g powder (API, Vol. I); stem bark—3-6 g powder, 25-50 g for decoction. (API, Vol. III.)
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