Tribulus alatus Delile

English ► Winged Caltrops.

Ayurvedic ► Gokshura (related species).

Unani ► Gokharu-kalaan.

Folk ► Desi Gokharu, Aakharaa., Hasaka.

Action ► Fruits—diuretic, antiinflammatory, emmenagogue. Used for uterine and genitourinary disorders.

Seed—astringent, diuretic; given to women to ensure fecundity.

The fruit gave sterols—stigmasterol, campesterol and beta-sitosterol; flavo-noids—luteolin, kaempferol-3-gluco-side and rutin; sapogenins—diosge-nin, gitogenin and chlorogenin. Root, stems, leaves and seeds contain sa-pogenins—diosgenin, gitogenin and chlorogenin; sterols—beta-sitosterol and stigmasterol.

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