Family ► Aizoaceae.
Habitat ► South India, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and Haryana.
Ayurvedic ► Varshaabhu (related species).
Siddha/Tamil ► Vellai Sharunnai.
Folk ► Bisakhaparaa.
Action ► Root—deobstruent; used for asthma, hepatitis and amenorrhoea. The root, leaf and stem gave positive test for alkaloid. The plant is a good source of zinc (1.077 ± 0.188) and copper (0.416 ± 0.057) mg/100 g.
Family ► Aizoaceae.
Habitat ► Cultivated fields and wastelands.
English ► Horse Purslane.
Ayurvedic ► Varshaabhu, Vrshchira, Vishakharparikaa, Shilaatikaa, Shothaghni, Kshdra. Wrongly equated with Shveta-punarnavaa or Rakta-punarnavaa. Varshaabhu and Punarnavaa are two different herbs. T. portulacastrum is a rainy season annual. Rakta-punarnavaa is equated with Boerhavia diffusa, Shveta-punarnavaa with white-flowered species, B. erecta L. (B. punarnava).
Tribulus terrestris Linn. 669
Unani ► Biskhaparaa.
Siddha ► Sharunai.
Folk ► Pathari, Bisakhaparaa.
Action ► Root—antipyretic, analgesic, spasmolytic, deobstruent, cathartic, anti-inflammatory.
Leaves—diuretic; used in oedema and dropsy. A decoction of the herb is used as an antidote to alcoholic poison.
The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia ofln-dia recommends the dried root in diseases of the liver and spleen, anaemia and oedema.
Ethanolic extract of the aerial parts exhibited hepatoprotective activity in CCl4-induced intoxication in rats. The acetone-insoluble fraction of the extract is responsible for the activity.
The red and white flowers contain an alkaloid trianthemine, also punaranavine. The plant also gave ecdysterone (0.01 g/kg), a potential chemosterilant; nicotinic acid and ascorbic acid. The plant is rich in phosphorus and iron but poor in calcium.
The high content of oxalate affects the assimilation of calcium. Carotene (2.3 mg/100 g) has also been reported.
Trianthema sp. are used as adulterant of the roots of Boerhavia diffusa.
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