Teucrium chamaedrys Linn

Family ► Labiateae; Lamiaceae.

Habitat ► Native to Europe. Imported for use in Unani medicine.

English ► Germander, Wall Germander.

Unani ► Usqurdiyun, Kamaazariuus.

Action ► Gastric stimulant, diuretic, sudorific. Used in spleen disorders and rheumatism; topically in skin diseases.

The herb contains iridoid glyco-sides, including harpagide and acetyl harpagide; clerodane and neoclero-dane diterpenes; phenylpropanoids; volatile oil, containing about 60% ca-ryophyllene; tannins and polyphenols.

One of the major furanoneoerodane diterpenes, teucrin A, is hepatotoxic.

Ether extract of the flowering herb shows antibacterial activity.

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