Family ► Labiateae; Lamiaceae.
Habitat ► Native to Europe. Imported for use in Unani medicine.
English ► Germander, Wall Germander.
Unani ► Usqurdiyun, Kamaazariuus.
Action ► Gastric stimulant, diuretic, sudorific. Used in spleen disorders and rheumatism; topically in skin diseases.
The herb contains iridoid glyco-sides, including harpagide and acetyl harpagide; clerodane and neoclero-dane diterpenes; phenylpropanoids; volatile oil, containing about 60% ca-ryophyllene; tannins and polyphenols.
One of the major furanoneoerodane diterpenes, teucrin A, is hepatotoxic.
Ether extract of the flowering herb shows antibacterial activity.
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