Terminalia catappa Linn

Family ► Combretaceae.

Habitat ► Cultivated throughout hotter parts of India, also in the Andamans.

English ► Indian Almond, Tropical Almond.

Siddha/Tamil ► Natuvadom.

Folk ► Jangali Baadaam, Desi Baadaam.

Action ► Bark—astringent, an-tidysenteric, mild diuretic. Leaf-antiseptic, anti-inflammatory. Oil from kernel—substitute for almond oil; contains oleic, linoleic, palmitic and stearic acids. Fresh kernels resemble almonds; contain fat 52.02, protein 25.42, sugars as glucose 5.98%. Leaf—sudorific; applied to rheumatic joints. Ointment made from juice—used in scabies and other cutaneous affections.

The husk and endocarp contain tannins and pentosans. The heartwood and stembark contain beta-sitosterol and its palmitate. The heartwood, in addition, contain terminolic acid and triterpenic methyl esters.

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