Hygrophila auriculata (K. Schum.) Heine.
Family ► Flacourtiaceae.
Habitat ► Western Ghats.
English ► Soorty Oil tree.
Ayurvedic ► Tuvaraka, Katu-Kapittha, Kushtavairi, Garudaphala, Chaalmograa.
Unani ► Chaalmograa, Tukhm-e-Biranj Mograa.
Siddha/Tamil ► Maravattai, Niradi-muttu.
Action ► Seed oil—antileprotic, anti-inflammatory, antirheumatic.
The seed oil gave chemical constituents similar to Hydnocarpus kuzii, and contain the flavonolignan, hyd-nowightin, hydnocarpin and neohyd-nocarpin.
Hydnocarpin showed good anti-inflammatory and anti-neoplastic activity in mice, in vivo. Cytotoxicity against the growth of murine and human tissue cultured cells was also observed.
The stem bark and leaves contain triterpenes, acelylbetulinic, betulinic, ursolic and acetylursolic acids.
Dosage ► Seed—3-5 g powder; oil— 5-10 drops. (CCRAS.)
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