Synonym C elliptica Willd

Family ► Samydaceae; Flacourtiaceae.

Habitat ► The Himalayas from Kashmir to Nepal, ascending to 1,000 m; throughout tropical India.

Ayurvedic ► Chilhaka.

Siddha/Tamil ► Kadichai.

Folk ► Chillaa, Saptrangi.

Action ► Root—hypoglycaemic. Root bark is used as a tonic in anaemic conditions.

Fruit pulp—diuretic, purgative, Leaves—anti-inflammatory. Fruit pulp —diuretic.

Ethanolic (80%) extract of the leaves showed significant anti-inflammatory activity in rats. Oil extracted from the seeds in rubbed on sprains. Various plant parts are used in neuralgia.

and bladder. Chaksine has ganglion-blocking property. Chaksine and iso-chaksine possess a local anaesthetic effect intradermally. It produces a sustained fall in blood pressure of anaesthetized animals and produces a weak anti-acetylcholine effect. Roots also contains anthraquinones and aloe-emodin.

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