Symplocos paniculata

Synonym ► S. crataegoides Buch. Ham. ex Don. S. chinensis (Lour.) Druce. Prunus paniculatus Thunb.

Symplocos racemosa Roxb. 635

Habitat ► The Himalayas from Kashmir to Arunachal Pradesh and Assam; Khasi Hills at 1,0002,500 m.

English ► Sapphire Berry.

Ayurvedic ► Lodhra-Pattikaa.

Unani ► Lodh Pathaani.

Action ► Leaf—spasmolytic, antiviral, antiprotozoal, anthelmintic. Bark— used as a tonic for preventing abortion. Other uses same as of S. racemosa.

The water-soluble fraction from the bark has been reported to exhibit anti-oxytocic activity. Ethanolic extract of the leaves showed activity against Enta-moeba histolytica strain STA, Ascaridia galli and Ranikhet-disease virus. It also affected blood pressure in dogs and cats, and showed activity on the ileum of guinea-pigs. The extract of stem also affected the blood pressure.

The leaf and stem are CVS active.

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