Family ► Styraceae.
Habitat ► Native to South-East Asia and East Indies.
English ► True Gum Benzoin, Sumatra Benzoin or Gum Benjamin.
Siddha/Tamil ► Saambiraani.
Action ► Gum—antiseptic, astringent, anti-inflammatory, expectorant (used for cough and respiratory tract catarrh). Used as genitourinary antiseptic, as a mouthwash in stomatitis, topically on wound and ulcers, as an inhalation in colds, coughs and bronchitis. Lipophilic fraction stimulates phagocytosis.
The gum contains mainly cinnamic, benzoic and sumaresinolic acid esters, benzaldehyde and vanillin.
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