Streblus asper Lour

Synonym ► Epicarpurus orientalis Bl.

Family ► Moraceae.

Habitat ► Drier parts of Peninsular India.

English ► Siamee Rough Brush.

Ayurvedic ► Shaakhotaka, Shaakho-ta, Pitaphalaka. Bhuutavaasa, Kharachhada.

Siddha/Tamil ► Piraayan, Pirai.

Action ► Stem bark—febrifuge, antidiarrhoeal. Root—applied on inflamed swellings and syphilitic eruptions. Latex—applied on glandular swellings and elephantiasis.

The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia ofIn-dia recommends the use of the stem bark in cervical lymphadenitis, also in lipid disorders.

The root bark contained cardenolide glycosides, including asperoside and strebloside; also yielded 6-deoxyallose. Stem bark yielded alpha-amyrin acetate, lupeol acetate, lupeol and beta-sitosterol.

Asperoside and strebloside exhibited antifilarial activity, former being

Striga asiatica (Linn.) Kuntze.

Family ► Scrophulariaceae.

Habitat ► Throughout the country and in the rainfed rice fields of Kerala.

Ayurvedic ► Agnivrksha, Kuranti.

Siddha/Tamil ► Pallipundu.

Action ► Improves appetite and taste. Prescribed in strangury and diseases due to vitiated blood.

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