Synonym ► Epicarpurus orientalis Bl.
Family ► Moraceae.
Habitat ► Drier parts of Peninsular India.
English ► Siamee Rough Brush.
Ayurvedic ► Shaakhotaka, Shaakho-ta, Pitaphalaka. Bhuutavaasa, Kharachhada.
Siddha/Tamil ► Piraayan, Pirai.
Action ► Stem bark—febrifuge, antidiarrhoeal. Root—applied on inflamed swellings and syphilitic eruptions. Latex—applied on glandular swellings and elephantiasis.
The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia ofIn-dia recommends the use of the stem bark in cervical lymphadenitis, also in lipid disorders.
The root bark contained cardenolide glycosides, including asperoside and strebloside; also yielded 6-deoxyallose. Stem bark yielded alpha-amyrin acetate, lupeol acetate, lupeol and beta-sitosterol.
Asperoside and strebloside exhibited antifilarial activity, former being
Striga asiatica (Linn.) Kuntze.
Family ► Scrophulariaceae.
Habitat ► Throughout the country and in the rainfed rice fields of Kerala.
Ayurvedic ► Agnivrksha, Kuranti.
Siddha/Tamil ► Pallipundu.
Action ► Improves appetite and taste. Prescribed in strangury and diseases due to vitiated blood.
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