Spondias pinnata Linn f Kurz

Synonym ► S. tetrandra Roxb.

Synonym ► S. mangifera Willd.

Family ► Anacardiaceae.

Habitat ► A small, aromatic tree occurring wild or grown throughout the country for edible fruits.

English ► Hog-Plum, Wild Mango. Great Hog-Plum is equated with S. cytherea Sonn, synonym S. dulcis Soland. ex Forst. f.

Ayurvedic ► Aamraataka, Aamraata, Aamadaa, Madhuparni, Kundalini, Kapitana, Markataamra.

Siddha/Tamil ► Mambulichi, Kat-tuma.

Stachytarpheta jamaicensis Vahl. 623

Action ► Fruits, leaves, bark— astringent, antidysenteric, anti-speptic, antiscorbutic. Bark paste applied externally to articular and muscular rheumatism. Root—used for regulating menstruation.

The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia ofIn-dia recommends stem bark in haem-orrhagic diseases.

The fruit contains beta-amyrin, olea-nolic acid and amino acids—glycine, cystine, serine, alanine and leucine; polysaccharides are also present.

Aerial parts gave lignoceric acid, 24-methylenecycloartanone, stigmast-4-en-3-one, beta-sitosterol and its glu-coside.

Dosage ► Stem bark—5-10 g powder for decoction (API, Vol. II); 1-3 g powder (API, Vol. III).

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