Synonym ► S. tetrandra Roxb.
Synonym ► S. mangifera Willd.
Family ► Anacardiaceae.
Habitat ► A small, aromatic tree occurring wild or grown throughout the country for edible fruits.
English ► Hog-Plum, Wild Mango. Great Hog-Plum is equated with S. cytherea Sonn, synonym S. dulcis Soland. ex Forst. f.
Ayurvedic ► Aamraataka, Aamraata, Aamadaa, Madhuparni, Kundalini, Kapitana, Markataamra.
Siddha/Tamil ► Mambulichi, Kat-tuma.
Action ► Fruits, leaves, bark— astringent, antidysenteric, anti-speptic, antiscorbutic. Bark paste applied externally to articular and muscular rheumatism. Root—used for regulating menstruation.
The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia ofIn-dia recommends stem bark in haem-orrhagic diseases.
The fruit contains beta-amyrin, olea-nolic acid and amino acids—glycine, cystine, serine, alanine and leucine; polysaccharides are also present.
Aerial parts gave lignoceric acid, 24-methylenecycloartanone, stigmast-4-en-3-one, beta-sitosterol and its glu-coside.
Dosage ► Stem bark—5-10 g powder for decoction (API, Vol. II); 1-3 g powder (API, Vol. III).
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