Sopubia delphinifolia G

Habitat ► Western India, as a root parasite.

Folk ► Dudhaali (Maharashtra).

Action ► Root—juice applied to sores on feet, caused by constant exposure to water and moisture.

Alcoholic extract of air-dried powdered stems yielded isoflavonoids, which were found to be estrogenically active in albino rats.

Family ► Popilionaceae; Fabaceae.

Habitat ► Grown in gardens for its bright-yellow flowers.

English ► Sea coast Laburnum, Silver Bush.

Action ► Seeds—dangerously emetocatharitc, toxic, febrifugal, stomachic. Seeds yield a fatty oil with expectorant properties. Decoction of seeds and roots is given in bilious disorders. Leaves— emetocathartic.

Constituents of the aerial parts include benzofurans; flavonoids including sophoraisoflavone A and B, sopho-ronol, iso-sophoranone-and iso-bava-chin. The leaves and seeds contain al-kaloids—matrine, cytisine and small amounts of methylcytisine. Cytisine is also present in the roots.

Cytisine possesses insecticidal and physiological properties similar to those of nicotine.

Sophoraisoflavone A exhibits anti-fungal activity

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