Sonneratia caseolaris Engl

Family ► Papilionaceae, Fabaceae.

Habitat ► Kashmir; also introduced into forest Research Institute, Dehra Dun.

English ► Japanese Pagoda tree, Chinese Scholar tree, Umbrella tree.

Action ► Flower—bitter, astringent, styptic, antibacterial.

Flower buds are a very rich source of rutin (16.0-23.0% dry weight basis), several times more than that present in Buckwheat which is an important source of the flavonoid.

The plant is used for the treatment of bleeding due to hemorrhoids and ulcerative colitis. The antihaemorrhagic principle, quercetin, has been isolated from aqueous extract of dried buds.

The flower extract has been reported to exhibit hepato-protective activity

Family ► Sonneratiaceae.

Habitat ► Tidal creeks and mangrove swamps of India.

Folk ► Orchaa (Bengal), Tivar, Chipi (Maharashtra).

Action ► Fruit—fermented juice is used for arresting haemorrhage. Juice of unripe fruit is given in cough. Fruit is also used as a poultice in sprains and swellings. Fruit wall—vermifuge.

The stem bark and root bark contain 9-17 and 11.0 to 11.9% tannin of the pyrogallol class.

The fruit yields 11% pectin on dry basis.

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