Solidago virgaaurea Linn

Family ► Compositae; Asteraceae.

Habitat ► The temperate Himalayas from Kashmir eastwards and in Khasi Hills, up to 3,000 m.

English ► European Goldenrod, Woundwort.

Action ► Anticatarrhal, diaphoretic, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic to mucous membranes.

616 Sonchus arvensis Linn.

Key application ► In irrigation therapy for inflammatory diseases of the lower urinary tract, urinary calculi and kidney gravel. (German Commission E.) ESCOP also indicates its use as an adjuvant in the treatment of bacterial infections of the urinary tract.

Anti-inflammatory activity is due to phenolic glycosides; antifungal activity is due to saponins based on polygalic acid (acts specifically against the candida fungus, the cause of vaginal and oral thrush). As a diuretic, aerial parts are used for nephritis and cystitis and to flush out kidney and bladder stones; urine volume is increased but not sodium excretion.

The plant contains quercitrin, rutin, iso-quercitrin, astragalin, kaempfer-ol, rhamnoglucoside, quercetin, caffeic acid and chlorogenic acid. Aerial parts contain diterpenoids of cis-clerodane lactone group.

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