Solanum trilobatum Linn

Family ► Solanaceae.

Habitat ► Throughout tropical parts of India, in waste places.

English ► West Indian Turkey Berry.

Ayurvedic ► Brihati (White-flowered-var.), Goshtha-vaartaaku.

Siddha/Tamil ► Chundai.

Action ► Plant—digestive, diuretic, sedative. Leaves—haemostatic. Fruits—useful in liver and spleen enlargement (cooked and eaten as a vegetable); decoction used for cough. Root—used for poulticing cracks in feet.

Unripe fruits and leaves contain the glycoalkaloid, solasonine (0.37% total alkaloids in air-dried fruits of the plant from Khasi and Jaintia hills). Hydrolysis of the neutral glucosidal fraction yields a steroidal sapogenin, chloro-genin, which is rare in Solanum sp.

Family ► Solanaceae.

Habitat ► Deccan Peninsula.

English ► Climbing Brinjal.

Ayurvedic ► Alarka, Valli-kantakaarikaa, Kantakaari-lataa.

Siddha/Tamil ► Toothuvilai.

Action ► Berries and flowers—a decoction is used for cough and chronic bronchitis.

The steroidal alkaloid, solasodine, is present in fruit and leaf of the plant (air-dried fruits and leaves from Coim-batore gave 0.96 and 0.36% respectively). A crude glycoalkaloid mixture, isolated from the plant material, contained about 20% beta-solamarine. The plant exhibited antimitotic, antitu-mour, antibacterial and antifungal activities and showed promising results in two cancer test systems—KB cell and sarcoma 180 in mice.

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