Siddha Tamil Vellaippula S

virosa).

Folk ► Dalme, Kodarsi, Pandharphali (S. virosa).

Action ► Alkaloid, securinine in the leaves stimulates central nervous system similar to strychnine and

Selenicereus grandiflorus Britton S Rose.

is comparatively less toxic. It is found useful in paresis and paralysis following infectious diseases and physical disorders. (The plant can replace strychnine and nux-vomica in medicinal preparations.)

A related species, Securinega virosa (Roxb. ex Willd.) Baillon, distributed throughout India up to an altitude of 2,000 m, gave securinine as the main alkaloid, along with virosecurinine and viroallosecurinine, and a coumarin, bergenin. The root bark contains an alkaloid, virosine. Whole root contains alkaloids, hordenine (flueggeine) and nor-securinine. A decoction of the root is given to induce sleep and for fever; that of bark in diarrhoea and pneumonia. The leaves are reported to be given in venereal diseases.

English ► Little Clubmoss.

Ayurvedic ► Kara-jodi-Kanda.

Folk ► Hatthaajodi.

Action ► Plant—a decoction is prescribed as a tonic and protective medicine after child birth; also as a sedative.

S. tamariscina Spring var. pulvinata (Kumaon to Assam), known as Hatt-haajodi, is used as an age-sustaining tonic and has been credited with the property of prolonging life. A decoction is prescribed for amenorrhoea, bleeding piles and prolapse of rectum.

A decoction of S. wallichii Spring (hilly regions of north-eastern India), known as Hatthaajodi, is prescribed after childbirth. S. willdenovii Baker (Nicobar Islands) is also known as Hatthaajodi. Its infusion is administered in cases of high fever and ashes are used in a liniment for backache.

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