Siddha Tamil Thaanrikkaai Thandri

Action ► Fruit—purgative when half ripe, astringent when ripe; antipyretic; used in prescriptions for diarrhoea, dyspepsia, biliousness; cough, bronchitis and upper respiratory tract infections, tropical pulmonary eosinophilia and allergic eruptions.

Terminalia chebula Retz. 653

The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia ofln-dia recommends the drug in powder form in emesis and worm infestation, in addition to other therapeutic applications.

The fruits contain beta-sitosterol, gallic and ellagic acids, ethyl gallate, galloyl glucose, chebulagic acid and a cardiac glycoside, bellaricanin.

The fruits produce hepato-protec-tive effect in CCl4-induced liver injury in mice. Alcoholic extract of the fruit exerted a negative chrono-and inotrop-ic and hypotensive effect of varying magnitude in a dose dependent fashion on isolated rat and frog atria and rabbit heart.

The fruit contains all components of Chebulic myrobalan (T. chebula) except corilagin and chebulic acid.

The fleshy fruit pulp contains 21.4% tannin, both condensed and hydrolys-able types.

The flower showed spermicidal activity.

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