Siddha Tamil Palisa Thadachi

Action ► Fruit—stomachic, astringent, cooling. Bark—demulcent. Root bark—antirheumatic. Leaf— used in pastular eruptions.

The bark contains taraxasterol, beta-sitosterol, erythrodiol; lupeol, betulin, lupenone, friedelin; alpha-amyrin. The

Grewia tiliaefolia Vahl. 295

heartwood gave beta-sitosterol. Quer-cetin, kaempferol and their glycosides were also obtained from the leaves.

Ripe fruits are rich in vitamin A and C; threonine, phosphoserine, serine and taurine are the dominant amino acids in the juice. The fruits also contain sodium 22, potassium 1250, and calcium 260 ppm

Fruits also gave pelargonidin-3, 5-diglucoside, quercetin, quercetin-3-0-beta-D-glucoside, naringenin and 7-0-beta-D-glucoside.

The stem bark exhibited antifertility activity.

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