Action ► Carminative, antiinflammatory, antibacterial. Flower buds—antiemetic, stimulant, carminative. Used in dyspepsia, gastric irritation. Oil—employed as a local analgesic for hypersensitive dent-lines and carious cavaties; internally as a carminative and antispasmodic.
Key application ► In inflammatory changes of oral and pharyngeal mucosa; in dentistry; for topical anesthesia. (German Commission E.)
Eugenin, triterpene acids, crategolic acid and steroid glucosides afford anti-
inflammatory and antiseptic proper
Syzygium cuminii (Linn.) Skeels. 637
ties to the buds. Eugenol, a major component of the oil, is antibacterial. Acetone extract of clove, eugenol and acetyleugenol possess cholagogue activity. The eugenol and acetyleugenol components of the clove oil inhibit arachidonate-, adrenalin- and collagen-induced platelet aggregation.
Clove terpenes show significant activity as inducers of detoxifying enzyme, glutathione-S-transferase (GST) in mouse liver and intestine and bring about carcinogen detoxification.
Whole cloves might have chemopro-tective activity against liver and bone marrow toxicity. (The Review of Natural Products by Facts and Comparisons, 1999.)
Was this article helpful?
Learn what you can do with herbs! How to Plant, Grow, and Cook with Natural Herbs. Have you always wanted an herb garden but didn't know how to get started? Do you want to know more about growing your own herbs in the privacy of your home and using them in a variety of cooking?