Siddha Tamil Kiraambu Lavangam

Action ► Carminative, antiinflammatory, antibacterial. Flower buds—antiemetic, stimulant, carminative. Used in dyspepsia, gastric irritation. Oil—employed as a local analgesic for hypersensitive dent-lines and carious cavaties; internally as a carminative and antispasmodic.

Key application ► In inflammatory changes of oral and pharyngeal mucosa; in dentistry; for topical anesthesia. (German Commission E.)

Eugenin, triterpene acids, crategolic acid and steroid glucosides afford anti-

inflammatory and antiseptic proper

Syzygium cuminii (Linn.) Skeels. 637

ties to the buds. Eugenol, a major component of the oil, is antibacterial. Acetone extract of clove, eugenol and acetyleugenol possess cholagogue activity. The eugenol and acetyleugenol components of the clove oil inhibit arachidonate-, adrenalin- and collagen-induced platelet aggregation.

Clove terpenes show significant activity as inducers of detoxifying enzyme, glutathione-S-transferase (GST) in mouse liver and intestine and bring about carcinogen detoxification.

Whole cloves might have chemopro-tective activity against liver and bone marrow toxicity. (The Review of Natural Products by Facts and Comparisons, 1999.)

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