Siddha Tamil Kasakasa seeds

Action ► Opium is obsolete as a drug. Narcotic, sedative, hypnotic, analgesic, sudorific, anodyne, antispasmodic. Crushed poppyheads were in use as a topical poultice for crippling pain in terminal diseases. Poppy seed—nutritive, demulcent, emollient, spasmolytic, devoid of narcotic properties. Specific against obstinate constipation, also used in catarrh of the bladder. Poppy

Paris polyphylla Sm.

seed oil is also free from narcotic properties. Used against diarrhoea, dysentery and scalds.

Opium contains isoquinoline alkaloids; the major one is morphine with narcotine, codeine, papaverine and thebaine. Poppy seeds, used in Indian medicine, do not contain alkaloids. The seeds contain thiamine 420, riboflavin 49, folic acid 30, pantothenic acid 2667 and niacin 1877 mcg/100 g. The seed oil (from Turkey) contains gamma-tocopherol 220, alpha-toco-pherol 40 and beta-tocopherol 20 mcg/ 100 g. Some low-molecular proteins (15% of total protein) have been isolated, along with cysteine, glutamic acid and arginine. The seeds yield a fatty oil (45%) containing palmitic, stearic, oleic, linoleic and linolenic acids.

The extract of seeds showed highly significant antisecretory (antidiarr-hoeal activity) against E. coli entero-toxin-induced secretory responses in experimental animals.

The triglycerides isolated from seeds showed anti-tumour activity against Ehrlichs ascites in mice.

The aqueous extract of seeds showed marked hypoglycaemic activity when administered to glucose-loaded and al-loxan diabetic rats.

The seeds were found to increase the activity of carcinogen detoxifying enzyme, glutathione-S-transferase by more than 78% in the stomach, liver and oesophagus in mice.

Following Papaver sp. are found in India:

  1. argemone Linn. (indigenous to the Mediterranean region; commonly grown in gardens in India) contains
  2. 15% of alkaloids including rhoeadine, protopine, and anthocyanins. Petals are sudorific.
  3. dubium Linn. (North-western Himalaya form Kashmir to Garhwal; as a winter weed in North Indian plains) contains rhoeagenine as the principal alkaloid, besides rhoeadine, protopine. Petals contain cyanidin B and pelargonidin C. Petals are sudorific.
  4. hybridum Linn. (gardens of Punjab and Uttar Pradesh) is diaphoretic (petals). Plant latex contains alkaloids including berberine, coptisine, pahybrine, papaverrubines A, B, D and E and sanguinarine. Plant also gave glaucine and glucamine.
  5. nudicaule Linn. (Gulmarg, Kashmir, at altitudes of 3,300-3,600 m), known as Iceland Poppy, gave alkaloids including papaverrubines B and D; leave gave cyanogenic glycosides including dhurrin and triglochinin. The flower and fruit are mild diaphoretic.
  6. orientale Linn. (indigenous to Mediterranean region; grown in Indian gardens), known as Oriental Poppy, contains 0.16% of alkaloids including thebaine, isothebane, protopine, glaucidine and oripavine. Latex from poppy capsule is narcotic.

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Responses

  • natasha
    How is indian kasakasa?
    8 years ago
  • johanna
    How is kasakasa plant?
    4 years ago

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