Action ► Leaves—carminative, laxative, diuretic, styptic. Bark— astringent. Used in dyspepsia and diarrhoea. Unripe fruit— carminative and astringent. Ripe fruit—antibilious. Dried flowers— used in anaemia, inflammation of spleen, also in leucorrhoea. Leaf and dried flower—used in dyspepsia and diarrhoea, topically in scabies. Aerial parts—hypotensive.
Half-ripe fruit contains 23, ripe fruit 15 and bark 19% tannin.
The bark and sapwood extracts yield beta-sitosterol, lupeol, betulin and be-tulinic acid. Leaves contain hentria-contane, hentriacontanol, alpha-amy-rin, baurenol, ursolic, oleanolic and be-tulinic acids.
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