Siddha Tamil Ganjamkorai Nai Tulasi

Action ► Plant—stimulant, carminative, diaphoretic. Leaf—bechic, febrifuge; used in cold, bronchitis, catarrh, externally in skin diseases. Essential oil—antifungal. Seeds— hypoglycaemic; also used in the treatment of leucorrhoea and other diseases of urinogenital system.

The essential oil at the flowering stage contains citral as a major component along with methylheptenone, methylnonylketone and camphor.

Leaves yielded beta-sitosterol, be-tulinic acid and ursolic acid and flavonoids, pectolinarigenin-7-methylether and nevadensin.

Seeds exhibited antidiabetic activity, improved glucose tolerance was observed in diabetic patients who were

Ocimum sanctum Linn. 445

given 30 g seed/day for 1 month, lowering of fasting plasma glucose level up to 30% was also observed.

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