Siddha Tamil Aranthelli Marauri Nettavil

Folk ► Jangali Lakuch, Jasund, Chaandakudaa.

Action ► Seed—febrifuge, antidysen-teric (in minute doses). Latex— circulatory stimulant (in minute doses.)

The latex contains a series of poisonous cardenolides, of which alpha-and/orbeta-antiarin are the main components. The total amount of crystalline cardiac glycosides in the latex

56 Aphanamixis polystachya (Wall.) Parker.

ranges from 0.1 to 2.5%; alpha-antiarin from 0.0 to 1.38% and beta-antiarin from 0.075 to 1.44%. Antiarins are said to act on the heart more powerfully than digitalin. Beta-antiarin is more potent than alpha-antiarin.

Latex, in small quantities, is a mild cardiac and circulatory stimulant, whereas in large quantities it acts as a myocardial poison. It stimulates intestinal and uterine contractions.

As many as 34 Kedde-positive substances were reported in the seed sample from Indonesia. The latex sample showed the presence of 29 Kedde-positive substances.

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