Schweinfurthia sphaerocarpa

Family ► Scrophulariaceae.

Habitat ► The arid regions of Gujarat and in Rajasthan.

Ayurvedic ► Nepaal-Nimba.

Folk ► Saannipaat (Maharashtra).

Action ► Broken pieces of dried fruits, stems and leaves—used in enteric fever. Leaf—antidiabetic. Fruit, leaf, stem—diuretic.

An alkaloid, schweinfurthin, a hydrocarbon and an unsaturated ketone were reported from the leaves. Recently, two macrocylic alkaloids, 11-epi-ephedradine and schweinine, have been isolated from the whole plant, along with (-)-ephedradine A. Experimentally, 11-epi-ephedradine A was mutagenic to Salmonella typhimurium.

Scilla indica Baker non-Roxb.

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