Schleichera oleosa Lour Oken

Family ► Sapindaceae.

Habitat ► The sub-Himalayan tract from Kashmir to West Bengal; Bihar, Punjab, Madhya Pradesh, southwards to Peninsular India.

English ► Lac tree, Macassar Oil tree, Honey tree, Ceylon Oak.

Ayurvedic ► Koshaamra, Kshudraam-ra, Lakshaa vrksha, Ghanaskandha.

Siddha/Tamil ► Puvathipuvam, Pulaachi.

Action ► Bark—astringent; mixed with oil, applied externally in skin eruptions. Seed oil—used for massage in rheumatism and applied in alopecia, itch and acne; stimulates hair growth. (Tree is an important host of Kusmi lac.)

Fatty acids of the oil consisted of oleic (52.%), gadoleic, stearic, arachidic, behenic, palmitoleic and palmitic acids. Young leaves contain gallo-tannic acid (5.09%, dry matter basis). The bark contains 9.4% tannin.

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