Saponaria officinalis Linn

Family ► Caryophyllaceae.

bile flow); also in respiratory disorders (bronchitis, sore throat).

Key application ► Root—in catarrhs of the upper respiratory tract. (German Commission E.)

The plant contains saponin, sapo-toxin and saponarin. The root contains sapotoxin (4-5%) and saporubrinic acid. Saponin content of the root is highest (7.7-8.2%) just before flowering stage and the lowest (about 3%) during the flowering period. The bark yield 0.8% of saponin. The leaves contain saponarin. Youngest leaves show the highest haemolytic activity.

Aqueous extract of the plant exhibit antibacterial activity.

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