Family ► Sapindaceae.
Habitat ► Native to China and Japan; distributed in the Himalayas from Himachal Pradesh eastwards and in Assam.
English ► Chinese Soap Berry, Soap Nut tree of North India.
Ayurvedic ► Arishtaka, Phenila.
Action ► Fruits—emetic and expectorant; used in excessive salivation, chlorosis and epilepsy. The plant yielded triterpenoid glycosides, sapindosides, derived from hederagenin. Saponins exhibit hypotensive, anticholesterolemic, spermicidal and antimicrobial properties.
Family ► Euphorbiaceae.
Habitat ► Moist parts of India, especially along sea-coasts and back waters.
Siddha/Tamil ► Pencolum.
Folk ► Hurnaa (Maharashtra).
Action ► Root bark—emetic, acrid and purgative.
The fruit contains aesculetin. A lac-tone and an alcohol has been isolated from the bark.
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