Sapium indicum Willd

Family ► Sapindaceae.

Habitat ► Native to China and Japan; distributed in the Himalayas from Himachal Pradesh eastwards and in Assam.

English ► Chinese Soap Berry, Soap Nut tree of North India.

Ayurvedic ► Arishtaka, Phenila.

Action ► Fruits—emetic and expectorant; used in excessive salivation, chlorosis and epilepsy. The plant yielded triterpenoid glycosides, sapindosides, derived from hederagenin. Saponins exhibit hypotensive, anticholesterolemic, spermicidal and antimicrobial properties.

Family ► Euphorbiaceae.

Habitat ► Moist parts of India, especially along sea-coasts and back waters.

Siddha/Tamil ► Pencolum.

Folk ► Hurnaa (Maharashtra).

Action ► Root bark—emetic, acrid and purgative.

The fruit contains aesculetin. A lac-tone and an alcohol has been isolated from the bark.

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