Family ► Chenopodiaceae.
Habitat ► Sea coast from Bengal to Gujarat.
Family ► Salicaceae.
Habitat ► North-western Himalayas, up to an altitude of 2,400 m.
English ► White Willow, European Willow.
Ayurvedic ► Jalavetasa.
Action ► Analgesic, antiinflammatory, febrifuge. Used for rheumatic inflammation, painful muscles, spondylitis, lumbago, sciatica, neuralgia, gout and fever. (In 1838, chemists identified salicylic acid in the bark. Afterwards, synthesized it as acetylsalicylic acid, aspirin, in 1899.)
Key application ► In diseases accompanied by fever, headache,
rheumatic ailments. (German Commission E.) The British Herbal Pharmacopoeia reported anti-inflammatory action. The British Herbal Compendium additionally reported analgesic, antipyretic, antirheumatic and astringent actions of the willow bark.
The bark contains phenolic glyco-sides; salicin, picein and triandrin with esters of salicylic acid and salicyl alcohol, acetylated salicin, salicortin and salireposide; tannins; catechin; p-coumaric acid; flavonoids and polysac-charides.
Salicylic acid inhibits prostaglandin production, relives pain and brings down fever.
phenolics—triandrin, salicin, gallocat-echol, catechol.
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