Rumex acetosa Linn

Family ► Polygonaceae.

Habitat ► Western Himalayas from Kashmir to Kumaon.

English ► Garden Sorrel, Sorrel Dock.

Ayurvedic ► Chukram, Chuukaa.

Unani ► Hammaaz-Barri.

Action ► Laxative, diuretic, antiscorbutic, refrigerant. Used for scurvy, as a cooling drink in febrile disorders, as a corrective of scrofulous deposits. Seeds—astringent (in haemorrhages).

Flowers—hepatoprotective and an-tihaemorrhagic. Root—used for jaundice, also for gravel and stone in the kidneys.

Aerial parts gave rutin, hyperin and vitexin and traces of oxymethy-lanthraquinone. The roots contain anthraquinones—chrysophanol, phys-cion and emodin anthrones.

The leaves contain 124.0 mg/100 g ascorbic acid, about 0.3% oxalic acid. Free oxalic acid caused fatal hypogly-caemia in rabbits.

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