Family ► Polygonaceae.
Habitat ► Western Himalayas from Kashmir to Kumaon.
English ► Garden Sorrel, Sorrel Dock.
Ayurvedic ► Chukram, Chuukaa.
Unani ► Hammaaz-Barri.
Action ► Laxative, diuretic, antiscorbutic, refrigerant. Used for scurvy, as a cooling drink in febrile disorders, as a corrective of scrofulous deposits. Seeds—astringent (in haemorrhages).
Flowers—hepatoprotective and an-tihaemorrhagic. Root—used for jaundice, also for gravel and stone in the kidneys.
Aerial parts gave rutin, hyperin and vitexin and traces of oxymethy-lanthraquinone. The roots contain anthraquinones—chrysophanol, phys-cion and emodin anthrones.
The leaves contain 124.0 mg/100 g ascorbic acid, about 0.3% oxalic acid. Free oxalic acid caused fatal hypogly-caemia in rabbits.
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