Rosa alba Linn

Family ► Rosaceae.

Habitat ► Asian Minor region. Cultivated in Indian gardens.

English ► Common English Dog Rose, White Cottage Rose.

Ayurvedic ► Sevati, Shveta Taruni. (Flowers—white or bluish.)

Unani ► Sevati. Garden var.— Gul-safed Bustaani, Vard Abyaz.

554 Rosa bourboniana Desportes.

Wild var.—Gul-safed Sahraai, Vard Abyaz Barri.

Action ► Flower—cardiac tonic, prescribed in palpitation of heart, febrifuge. Petal—laxative.

Rose hip contains pectin, citric acid and malic acid which are responsible for its laxative activity.

The pollen contains carotene (2.08 mg/100 g), free and bound amino acids and sugars.

The major constituents of the essential oil are geraniol, beta-phenylethyl alcohol, beta-geranic acid, geraniol esters, nerol, citronellol, eugenol, methyl-eugenol and benzoate.

R. Canina Linn. is equated with (Indian) Dog Rose. The anthocyanin, isolated from the petals, exhibits radio-protective effect. The scavenging and antilipoperoxidant activities of the fruit depend on the polyphenol content.

Habitat ► Cultivated throughout India, particularly in Uttar Pradesh on commercial scale, for rose water.

Ayurvedic ► Taruni, Desi Gulaab, Baaraamaasi, Cheenia-Gulaab. (Flowers—usually purple.)

Action ► Fruit—applied to wounds, injuries, sprains, foul ulcers.

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