Pterocarpus santalinus Linn f

Family ► Papilionaceae; Fabaceae.

Habitat ► Found in Cuddaph district of Andhra Pradesh, neighbouring areas of Tamil Nadu and Karnataka.

English ► Red Sandalwood, Red Sanders.

Ayurvedic ► Raktachandana, Raktasaara.

Siddha/Tamil ► Shivappu chandanam.

Action ► Heartwood—antibilious, anti-inflammatory, hypoglycaemic, astringent, diaphoretic, febrifuge.

A paste of wood is used externally for inflammations and headache. Fruit—antidysenteric

The heartwood contains terpenoids—eudesmol, iso-pterocarpolone, pterocarpol, cryptomeridiol, ptero-carptriol and pterocarpdiolone; pigments santalins A and B. The bark contains triterpenoids—beta-ampyrone, lupenone and lupeol derivatives. The sapwood gave acetyl oleanolic aldehyde, acetyl oleanolic acid and ery-throdiol.

An ethanolic extract (95%) of the wood powder was found effective in lowering blood sugar levels in fasting, fed, glucose-loaded and streptozotocin diabetic models in rats.

A cream prepared from the metha-nolic extract of the heartwood of Red Sandalwood and rhizomes of Curcuma longa showed 95.46% inhibition of oedema in combination (Curcuma longa and red sandalwood showed 65.62 and 64.14% inhibition respectively, when used individually).

A decoction of the heartwood produced potentiation of pentobarbitone-induced hypnosis in albino mice; blocked conditioned avoidance response in rats and showed anticonvul-sant and anti-inflammatory activities.

Dosage ► Heartwood—3-6 g powder. (API, Vol. III.)

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