Pterocarpus santalinus Linn f

Family ► Papilionaceae; Fabaceae.

Habitat ► Found in Cuddaph district of Andhra Pradesh, neighbouring areas of Tamil Nadu and Karnataka.

English ► Red Sandalwood, Red Sanders.

Ayurvedic ► Raktachandana, Raktasaara.

Siddha/Tamil ► Shivappu chandanam.

Action ► Heartwood—antibilious, anti-inflammatory, hypoglycaemic, astringent, diaphoretic, febrifuge.

A paste of wood is used externally for inflammations and headache. Fruit—antidysenteric

The heartwood contains terpenoids—eudesmol, iso-pterocarpolone, pterocarpol, cryptomeridiol, ptero-carptriol and pterocarpdiolone; pigments santalins A and B. The bark contains triterpenoids—beta-ampyrone, lupenone and lupeol derivatives. The sapwood gave acetyl oleanolic aldehyde, acetyl oleanolic acid and ery-throdiol.

An ethanolic extract (95%) of the wood powder was found effective in lowering blood sugar levels in fasting, fed, glucose-loaded and streptozotocin diabetic models in rats.

A cream prepared from the metha-nolic extract of the heartwood of Red Sandalwood and rhizomes of Curcuma longa showed 95.46% inhibition of oedema in combination (Curcuma longa and red sandalwood showed 65.62 and 64.14% inhibition respectively, when used individually).

A decoction of the heartwood produced potentiation of pentobarbitone-induced hypnosis in albino mice; blocked conditioned avoidance response in rats and showed anticonvul-sant and anti-inflammatory activities.

Dosage ► Heartwood—3-6 g powder. (API, Vol. III.)

Was this article helpful?

0 0
Herbs 101

Herbs 101

Learn what you can do with herbs! How to Plant, Grow, and Cook with Natural Herbs. Have you always wanted an herb garden but didn't know how to get started? Do you want to know more about growing your own herbs in the privacy of your home and using them in a variety of cooking?

Get My Free Ebook

Post a comment